Risk of obesity

Definitions of diet terms

  • Diet terms defined
    abdominal – adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen
    – noun the muscles of the abdomen
    ablactation – noun the cessation of lactation
    – the act of substituting other food for the mother’s milk in the diet of a child or young mammal
    abnormal condition – noun an abnormal condition
    accompany – verb go or travel along with
    – perform an accompaniment to
    – be associated with
    – be a companion to somebody
    achylia – noun absence of gastric juices (partial or complete)
    acid – adj. having the characteristics of an acid
    – harsh or corrosive in tone
    – being sour to the taste
    – noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide
    – any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
    acidosis – noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
    acne – noun an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
    addiction – noun (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master
    – an abnormally strong craving
    – being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
    addition – noun the act of adding one thing to another
    – a component that is added to something to improve it
    – a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area
    – a quantity that is added
    – the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers
    – something added to what you already have
    adequacy – noun the quality of being able to meet a need satisfactorily: “he questioned the adequacy of the usual sentimental interpretation of the Golden Rule”
    – the quality of being sufficient for the end in view
    adhd – noun a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
    adherence – noun faithful support for a religion or cause or political party
    – the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
    adiposis – noun the property of excessive fatness
    adiposity – noun having the property of containing fat
    adjunct – adj. of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another
    – furnishing added support
    – noun a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence
    – something added to another thing but not an essential part of it
    – a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another
    adolescence – noun in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood
    – the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
    adolescent – adj. in the state of development between puberty and maturity
    – displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity
    – being of the age 13 through 19
    – relating to or peculiar to or suggestive of an adolescent
    – noun a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
    adult – adj. (of animals) fully developed
    – noun any mature animal
    – a fully developed person from maturity onward
    adulthood – noun the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity
    – the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed
    aerobic – adj. depending on free oxygen or air
    – based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
    aetiology – noun the philosophical study of causation
    – the cause of a disease
    afflicted – adj. mentally or physically unfit
    – grievously affected especially by disease
    aftertaste – noun an afterimage of a taste
    age – noun how long something has existed
    – a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises
    – a late time of life
    – a prolonged period of time
    – an era of history having some distinctive feature
    – verb begin to seem older; get older
    – make older
    – grow old or older
    aggravate – verb make worse
    – exasperate or irritate
    aggravated – adj. incited, especially deliberately, to anger
    – made more severe or intense especially in law
    aging – adj. growing old
    – noun the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age
    – acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
    alcoholism – noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms
    – an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
    alimentary – adj. of or providing nourishment
    alimentation – noun the act of supplying food and nourishment
    – a source of materials to nourish the body
    alkalosis – noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
    allergy – noun hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
    allowance – noun the act of allowing
    – a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
    – an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances
    – an amount allowed or granted (as during a given period)
    – a sum granted as reimbursement for expenses
    – a reserve fund created by a charge against profits in order to provide for changes in the value of a company’s assets
    – verb put on a fixed allowance, as of food
    alteration – noun the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
    – the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification)
    – an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
    ambrosia – noun (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
    – fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut
    – any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma
    – a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
    amenorrhea – noun absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
    amino – adj. pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia
    – noun the radical -NH2
    amphetamine – noun a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
    anaemia – noun a deficiency of red blood cells
    – a lack of vitality
    analeptic – adj. stimulating the central nervous system
    – noun a medication used as a stimulant to the central nervous system
    android – noun an automaton that resembles a human being
    anemia – noun genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America
    – a deficiency of red blood cells
    – a lack of vitality
    anorectic – adj. causing loss of appetite
    – suffering from anorexia nervosa; pathologically thin
    – noun a person suffering from anorexia nervosa
    anorexia – noun a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
    anorexia nervosa – noun (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
    anovulation – noun the absence of ovulation due to immaturity or post-maturity or pregnancy or oral contraceptive pills or dysfunction of the ovary
    antibiotic – adj. of or relating to antibiotic drugs
    – noun a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
    anticancer – adj. used in the treatment of cancer
    anticholinergic – adj. inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site
    – noun a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
    antidepressant – noun any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
    antihypertensive – noun a drug that reduces high blood pressure
    antimalarial – noun a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria
    antimicrobial – adj. capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
    – noun an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
    antiviral – adj. inhibiting or stopping the growth and reproduction of viruses
    – noun any drug that destroys viruses
    apnea – noun transient cessation of respiration
    appetite – noun a feeling of craving something
    arginine – noun a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa
    arrangement – noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
    – an organized structure for arranging or classifying
    – an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging
    – the spatial property of the way in which something is placed
    – the thing arranged or agreed to
    – a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
    arrhythmic – adj. without regard for rhythm
    – not having a steady rhythm
    arteriosclerosis – noun sclerosis of the arterial walls
    arthritis – noun inflammation of a joint or joints
    article – noun one of a class of artifacts
    – nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication
    – (grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase
    – a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
    – verb bind by a contract; especially for a training period
    ascites – noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
    associated – adj. related to or accompanying
    – joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
    association – noun the act of consorting with or joining with others
    – the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
    – (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species
    – a formal organization of people or groups of people
    – (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding
    – a relation resulting from interaction or dependence
    – the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination
    – a social or business relationship
    assortative mating – noun mating of individuals having more traits in common than likely in random mating
    asthma – noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
    atherosclerosis – noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
    athletic – adj. having a sturdy and well proportioned body
    – relating to or befitting athletics or athletes
    – vigorously active
    atopic eczema – noun a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
    atrophy – noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
    – a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
    – verb undergo atrophy
    autism – noun (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
    autoimmune – adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
    avitaminosis – noun any of several diseases caused by deficiency of one or more vitamins
    avoid – verb stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something
    – refrain from doing something
    – refrain from certain foods or beverages
    – prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening
    – declare invalid
    avoidance – noun deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
    balanced – adj. total debits and credits are equal
    – being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
    balanced diet – noun a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required for healthy growth and activity
    bamboo – noun woody tropical grass having hollow woody stems; mature canes used for construction and furniture
    – the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles
    banded – adj. identified with a band especially around a leg
    – characterized by a band of especially white around the body
    – marked with bands or strips of contrasting color or texture
    banding – noun an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material
    – a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
    basal – adj. of primary importance
    – serving as or forming a base
    – especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
    basal metabolic rate – noun the rate at which heat is produced by an individual in a resting state
    basis – noun the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
    – the most important or necessary part of something
    – a relation that provides the foundation for something
    bean – noun any of various edible seeds of plants of the family Leguminosae used for food
    – any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods
    – any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans
    – informal terms for a human head
    – verb hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
    beef – noun cattle that are reared for their meat
    – meat from an adult domestic bovine
    – informal terms for objecting
    – verb complain
    beriberi – noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
    bigeye – noun red fishes of American coastal tropical waters having very large eyes and rough scales
    binge – noun an occasion for excessive eating or drinking
    – any act of immoderate indulgence
    – verb overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
    bladder disorder – noun a disorder of the urinary bladder
    blamed – adj. expletives used informally as intensifiers
    bland – adj. lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting
    – lacking taste or flavor or tang
    – smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
    blood – noun temperament or disposition
    – the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart
    – people viewed as members of a group
    – the descendants of one individual
    – a dissolute man in fashionable society
    – verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
    blood sugar – noun glucose in the bloodstream
    bodily property – noun an attribute of the body
    bodybuilder – noun someone who does special exercises to develop a brawny musculature
    bodybuilding – noun exercise that builds muscles through tension
    botanical – adj. of or relating to plants or botany
    – noun a drug made from part of a plant (as the bark or root or leaves)
    bran – noun food prepared from the husks of cereal grains
    – broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
    bread – noun food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
    – informal terms for money
    – verb cover with bread crumbs
    breast cancer – noun cancer of the breast; one of the most common malignancies in women in the US
    brit – noun minute crustaceans forming food for right whales
    – the young of a herring or sprat or similar fish
    – a native or inhabitant of Great Britain
    brown – adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned
    – of a color similar to that of wood or earth
    – noun an orange of low brightness and saturation
    – abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)
    – Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858)
    – a university in Rhode Island
    – verb fry in a pan until it changes color
    bruch – noun German composer (1838-1920)
    bruxism – noun involuntarily or unconsciously clenching or grinding the teeth, typically during sleep
    bulge – noun something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
    – verb cause to bulge or swell outwards
    – swell or protrude outwards
    – bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge
    – bulge outward
    bulimarexia – noun a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food; characterized by excessive eating followed by periods of fasting or self-induced vomiting
    bulimia – noun pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions)
    – a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
    bulk – noun the property possessed by a large mass
    – the property of something that is great in magnitude
    – the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part
    – verb stick out or up
    – cause to bulge or swell outwards
    bun – noun small rounded bread either plain or sweet
    butterball – noun small North American diving duck; males have bushy head plumage
    – a rotund individual
    bypass – noun a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town
    – a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part)
    – a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current
    – verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
    c – noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet
    – (music) the keynote of the scale of C major
    – a general-purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system
    – street names for cocaine
    – a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second
    – a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature
    – an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
    – a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
    – one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    – the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
    cabinet – noun a piece of furniture resembling a cupboard with doors and shelves and drawers; for storage or display
    – housing for electronic instruments, as radio or television
    – a storage compartment for clothes and valuables; usually it has a lock
    – persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
    cachexia – noun any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
    calcium – noun a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth’s crust; an important component of most plants and animals
    caloric – adj. of or relating to calories in food
    – relating to or associated with heat
    calorie – noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
    – a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
    calorific – adj. heat-generating
    cancer – noun type genus of the family Cancridae
    – the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22
    – a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini
    – (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer
    – any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
    cancroid – adj. of or relating to a cancroid
    – noun the most common form of skin cancer
    carbohydrate – noun an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
    cardiovascular – adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
    cardiovascular disease – noun a disease of the heart or blood vessels
    caries – noun soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
    carnivore – noun any animal that feeds on flesh
    – a terrestrial or aquatic flesh-eating mammal
    caseate – verb become cheeselike
    – turn into cheese
    catamount – noun large American feline resembling a lion
    – short-tailed wildcats with usually tufted ears; valued for their fur
    catering – noun providing food and services
    causation – noun the act of causing something to happen
    cause – noun a justification for something existing or happening
    – events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something
    – any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results
    – a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
    – a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
    – verb give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally
    – cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
    causing – noun the act of causing something to happen
    caution – noun the trait of being cautious; being attentive to possible danger
    – judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger
    – a warning against certain acts
    – the trait of being circumspect and prudent
    – verb warn strongly; put on guard
    celery – noun stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning
    – widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
    celiac disease – noun a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance
    cellulite – noun lumpy deposits of body fat especially on women’s thighs etc.
    central – adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area
    – centrally located and easy to reach
    – used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place
    – serving as an essential component
    – noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
    centripetal – adj. tending to move toward a center
    – of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system
    – tending to unify
    cessation – noun a stopping
    characterized – adj. of the meaning of words or concepts; stated precisely
    chemotherapeutic – adj. of or relating to chemotherapy
    childhood – noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence
    – the time of person’s life when they are a child
    chlamydia – noun coccoid rickettsia infesting birds and mammals; cause infections of eyes and lungs and genitourinary tract
    – a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
    chlorella – noun any alga of the genus Chlorella
    cholera – noun an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
    cholesterol – noun an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
    choline – noun a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
    chronic – adj. being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
    chubbiness – noun the property of having a plump and round body
    cirrhosis – noun a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
    classify – verb arrange or order by classes or categories
    – declare unavailable, as for security reasons
    – assign to a class or kind
    cleanliness – noun diligence in keeping clean
    – the habit of keeping free of superficial imperfections
    clear – adj. of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne
    – clear to the mind
    – free from cloudiness; allowing light to pass through
    – free from confusion or doubt
    – free from clouds or mist or haze
    – characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving
    – clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible
    – (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law
    – free from contact or proximity or connection
    – easily deciphered
    – clear of charges or deductions
    – affording free passage or view
    – free from flaw or blemish or impurity
    – characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt)
    – accurately stated or described
    – freed from any question of guilt
    – (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims
    – free of restrictions or qualifications
    – adv. completely
    – in an easily perceptible manner
    – noun the state of being free of suspicion
    – a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water
    – verb free (the throat) by making a rasping sound
    – remove
    – make a way or path by removing objects
    – remove the occupants of
    – remove (people) from a building
    – rid of instructions or data
    – make clear, bright, light, or translucent
    – make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear
    – settle, as of a debt
    – pass an inspection or receive authorization
    – pass by, over, or under without making contact
    – go away or disappear
    – sell
    – be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts
    – clear from impurities, blemishes, pollution, etc.
    – free from payment of customs duties, as of a shipment
    – rid of obstructions
    – grant authorization or clearance for
    – pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
    – earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages
    – make as a net profit
    – yield as a net profit
    – go unchallenged; be approved
    – become clear
    climate – noun the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
    – the prevailing psychological state
    clothing – noun a covering designed to be worn on a person’s body
    coca – noun dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by Andean people for their simulating effect
    – United States comedienne who starred in early television shows with Sid Caesar (1908-2001)
    – a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine
    coke – noun street names for cocaine
    – carbon fuel produced by distillation of coal
    – Coca Cola is a trademarked cola
    – verb become coke
    cola – noun carbonated drink flavored with extract from Kola nuts (`dope’ is a southernism in the United States)
    – large genus of African trees bearing kola nuts
    colon cancer – noun a malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools
    combat – noun an engagement fought between two military forces
    – the act of fighting; any contest or struggle
    – verb battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
    compliance – noun happy friendly agreement
    – the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another
    – acting according to certain accepted standards
    – a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
    complicate – verb make more complex, intricate, or richer
    – make more complicated
    complicated – adj. difficult to analyze or understand
    complication – noun the act or process of complicating
    – a development that complicates a situation
    – a situation or condition that is complex or confused
    – any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
    – puzzling complexity
    component – noun an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system
    – an abstract part of something
    – something determined in relation to something that includes it
    composition – noun something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole
    – the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole
    – an essay (especially one written as an assignment)
    – a mixture of ingredients
    – the act of creating written works
    – musical creation
    – the way in which someone or something is composed
    – art and technique of printing with movable type
    – a musical work that has been created
    concomitant – adj. following as a consequence
    – noun an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
    confederation – noun the act of forming an alliance or confederation
    – a union of political organizations
    – the state of being allied or confederated
    congress – noun the legislature of the United States government
    – a meeting of elected or appointed representatives
    – a national legislative assembly
    – the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man’s penis is inserted into the woman’s vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
    consequent – adj. following as an effect or result
    constipation – noun irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis
    – the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
    constituent – adj. constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup)
    – noun (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction
    – a member of a constituency; a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes
    – an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system
    – an abstract part of something
    consumed – adj. completely used up
    consumption – noun the act of consuming something
    – the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
    – (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing
    – involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
    content – adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are
    – noun the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
    – everything that is included in a collection
    – the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.
    – something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation
    – what a communication that is about something is about
    – the amount that can be contained
    – the state of being contented with your situation in life
    – verb satisfy in a limited way
    – make content
    contribute – verb contribute to some cause
    – be conducive to
    – provide
    – bestow a quality on
    contributing – adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
    contributor – noun a writer whose work is published in a newspaper or magazine or as part of a book
    – someone who contributes (or promises to contribute) a sum of money
    controlling – adj. able to control or determine policy
    convocation – noun the act of convoking
    – a group gathered in response to a summons
    coprophagia – noun eating feces; in human a symptom of some kinds of insanity
    coronary artery disease – noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
    corpulence – noun the property of excessive fatness
    corpulency – noun more than average fatness
    correct – adj. free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth
    – socially right or correct
    – in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure
    – correct in opinion or judgment
    – verb treat a defect
    – make right or correct
    – alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
    – censure severely
    – go down in value
    – make reparations or amends for
    – punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience
    – adjust for
    corrected – adj. having something undesirable neutralized
    – punished for misbehavior
    correction – noun the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right
    – treatment of a specific defect
    – a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases
    – something substituted for an error
    – a rebuke for making a mistake
    – a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure
    – the act of punishing
    correlate – adj. mutually related
    – noun either of two correlated variables
    – verb bring into a mutual, complementary, or reciprocal relation
    – to bear a reciprocal or mutual relation
    correlated – adj. mutually related
    cost – noun the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor
    – the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold)
    – value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something
    – verb require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice
    – be priced at
    costs – noun pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
    crash – noun the act of colliding with something
    – a serious accident (usually involving one or more vehicles)
    – a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures)
    – (computer science) an event that causes a computer system to become inoperative
    – a loud resonant repeating noise
    – verb stop operating
    – undergo a sudden and severe downturn
    – hurl or thrust violently
    – undergo damage or destruction on impact
    – break violently or noisily; smash
    – cause to crash
    – fall or come down violently
    – move violently as through a barrier
    – move with, or as if with, a crashing noise
    – occupy, usually uninvited
    – sleep in a convenient place
    – enter uninvited; informal
    creeping – noun a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
    cuisine – noun the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
    curb – noun an edge between a sidewalk and a roadway consisting of a line of curbstones (usually forming part of a gutter)
    – a horse’s bit with an attached chain or strap to check the horse
    – the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess
    – a stock exchange in New York
    – verb keep to the curb
    – place restrictions on
    – to put down by force or authority
    – lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
    cure – noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
    – verb prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve
    – be or become preserved
    – make (substances) hard and improve their usability
    – provide a cure for, make healthy again
    curing – noun the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
    d – noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet
    – a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
    data – noun a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
    decay – noun the organic phenomenon of rotting
    – a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
    – the process of gradually becoming inferior
    – the spontaneous disintegration of a radioactive substance along with the emission of ionizing radiation
    – an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying
    – verb fall into decay or ruin
    – undergo decay or decomposition
    – lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
    deficiency – noun lack of an adequate quantity or number
    – the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
    deficiency disease – noun any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
    defined – adj. clearly characterized or delimited
    – clearly defined
    – showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary
    defining – noun any process serving to define the shape of something
    degree – noun a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality
    – the seriousness of something (e.g., a burn or crime)
    – the highest power of a term or variable
    – a measure for arcs and angles
    – a unit of temperature on a specified scale
    – a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
    – an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
    dementia – noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
    dental caries – noun soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
    departure – noun act of departing
    – euphemistic expressions for death
    – a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
    depletion – noun the act of decreasing something markedly
    – the state of being depleted
    depression – noun pushing down
    – sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
    – angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
    – a concavity in a surface produced by pressing
    – a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
    – a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
    – a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
    – a sunken or depressed geological formation
    – a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
    – an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
    dessert – noun a dish served as the last course of a meal
    determinant – adj. having the power or quality of deciding
    – noun a determining or causal element or factor
    – a square matrix used to solve simultaneous equations
    – the site on the surface of an antigen molecule to which an antibody attaches itself
    detox – noun the hospital ward or clinic in which patients are detoxified
    – verb treat for alcohol or drug dependence
    diabetes – noun any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
    diabetes mellitus – noun diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
    diabetic – adj. suffering from diabetes
    – of or relating to or causing diabetes
    – noun someone who has diabetes
    diabetic diet – noun a diet designed to help control the symptoms of diabetes
    diagnose – verb determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis
    – subject to a medical analysis
    diagnosing – noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
    diet – noun the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
    – the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal)
    – a prescribed selection of foods
    – a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)
    – verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight
    – follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
    dietary – adj. of or relating to the diet
    – noun a regulated daily food allowance
    dieter – noun a person who diets
    dietetic – adj. of or relating to the diet
    dietetics – noun the scientific study of food preparation and intake
    dietician – noun a specialist in the study of nutrition
    dieting – noun the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
    dietitian – noun a specialist in the study of nutrition
    digestibility – noun the property of being easy to digest
    digger – noun a laborer who digs
    – a machine for excavating
    dining – noun the act of eating dinner
    disease – noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
    disorder – noun a disturbance of the peace or of public order
    – condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning
    – a condition in which things are not in their expected places
    – verb bring disorder to
    – disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
    dosage – noun the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
    dress – adj. (of an occasion) requiring formal clothes
    – suitable for formal occasions
    – noun a one-piece garment for a woman; has skirt and bodice
    – clothing in general
    – clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion
    – verb arrange attractively
    – dress in a certain manner
    – give a neat appearance to
    – put on clothes
    – provide with clothes or put clothes on
    – apply a bandage or medication to
    – convert into leather
    – kill and prepare for market or consumption
    – cut down rough-hewn (lumber) to standard thickness and width
    – put a finish on
    – put a dressing on
    – provide with decoration
    – arrange in ranks
    – dress or groom with elaborate care
    – cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of
    – decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods
    due – adj. owed and payable immediately or on demand
    – suitable to or expected in the circumstances
    – scheduled to arrive
    – adv. directly or exactly; straight
    – noun that which is deserved or owed
    – a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
    dysfunction – noun (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
    e – noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet
    – the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282…
    – the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees
    – a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
    – a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
    eat – verb eat a meal; take a meal
    – take in solid food
    – worry or cause anxiety in a persistent way
    – cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
    – use up (resources or materials)
    – take in food; used of animals only
    eating – noun the act of consuming food
    eating disorder – noun a disorder of the normal eating routine
    eclair – noun oblong cream puff
    economics – noun the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
    edema – noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
    elevated – adj. raised above the ground
    – raised above ground level; on elevated rails
    – noun a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
    elimination – noun the murder of a competitor
    – the act of removing or getting rid of something
    – the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations
    – analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives
    – the bodily process of discharging waste matter
    emaciation – noun extreme leanness (usually caused by starvation or disease)
    embonpoint – adj. euphemisms for slightly fat
    – noun the bodily property of being well rounded
    emphysema – noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
    endocrine – adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions
    – noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
    – the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
    endogenous – adj. derived or originating internally
    – of or resembling an endogen
    endometrial cancer – noun cancer of the uterine lining
    epidemic – adj. (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously
    – noun a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
    epidemiology – noun the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
    epilepsy – noun a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
    erectile dysfunction – noun impotence resulting from a man’s inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
    essential – adj. basic and fundamental
    – absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed
    – absolutely necessary; vitally necessary
    – being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc
    – defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established
    – of the greatest importance
    – noun anything indispensable
    etiology – noun the philosophical study of causation
    – the cause of a disease
    eucalyptus – noun a tree of the genus Eucalyptus
    – wood of any of various eucalyptus trees valued as timber
    evil – adj. tending to cause great harm
    – morally bad or wrong
    – having the nature of vice
    – having or exerting a malignant influence
    – noun morally objectionable behavior
    – the quality of being morally wrong in principle or practice
    – that which causes harm or destruction or misfortune
    exacerbate – verb exasperate or irritate
    – make worse
    excessive – adj. beyond normal limits
    – unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
    exercise – noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
    – a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding
    – systematic training by multiple repetitions
    – (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches
    – the act of using
    – verb do physical exercise
    – give a workout to
    – learn by repetition
    – put to use
    – carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
    exogenous – adj. derived or originating externally
    exogenous obesity – noun obesity caused by overeating
    expense – noun a detriment or sacrifice
    – amounts paid for goods and services that may be currently tax deductible (as opposed to capital expenditures)
    – money spent to perform work and usually reimbursed by an employer
    experimental – adj. relying on observation or experiment
    – of the nature of or undergoing an experiment
    – relating to or based on experiment
    extreme – adj. most distant in any direction
    – of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity
    – far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree
    – beyond a norm in views or actions
    – noun the furthest or highest degree of something
    – the point located farthest from the middle of something
    factor – noun an independent variable in statistics
    – anything that contributes causally to a result
    – any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together
    – (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
    – an abstract part of something
    – a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission
    – one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer
    – verb resolve into factors
    fad – noun an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
    fad diet – noun a reducing diet that enjoys temporary popularity
    familial – adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
    – relating to or having the characteristics of a family
    fare – noun the food and drink that are regularly consumed
    – a paying (taxi) passenger
    – the sum charged for riding in a public conveyance
    – an agenda of things to do
    – verb eat well
    – proceed or get along
    fasting – noun abstaining from food
    fat – adj. a chubby body
    – having much flesh (especially fat)
    – marked by great fruitfulness
    – lucrative
    – having a relatively large diameter
    – containing or composed of fat
    – noun a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides)
    – excess bodily weight
    – a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs
    – verb make fat or plump
    fat-free – adj. without fat or fat solids
    fat person – noun a rotund individual
    fatless – adj. without fat or fat solids
    fatness – noun excess bodily weight
    fatso – noun a rotund individual
    fattism – noun discrimination against people who are overweight
    fatty – adj. containing or composed of fat
    – noun a rotund individual
    fatty liver – noun yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver; can be caused by alcoholic cirrhosis or pregnancy or exposure to certain toxins
    feed – noun food for domestic livestock
    – verb introduce continuously
    – give food to
    – take in food; used of animals only
    – serve as food for; be the food for
    – feed into; supply
    – provide as food
    – gratify
    – support or promote
    – provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to
    – profit from in an exploitatory manner
    – move along, of liquids
    feeder – noun an animal being fattened or suitable for fattening
    – an animal that feeds on a particular source of food
    – a branch that flows into the main stream
    – an outdoor device that supplies food for wild birds
    – a machine that automatically provides a supply of some material
    – someone who consumes food for nourishment
    feeding – noun the act of supplying food and nourishment
    – the act of consuming food
    feedstock – noun the raw material that is required for some industrial process
    fetal alcohol syndrome – noun a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant
    fiber – noun a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
    – a slender and greatly elongated solid substance
    – the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
    filling – noun the act of filling something
    – (dentistry) a dental appliance consisting of any of various substances (as metal or plastic) inserted into a prepared cavity in a tooth
    – a food mixture used to fill pastry or sandwiches etc.
    – flow into something (as a container)
    – any material that fills a space or container
    – the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving
    fish – noun any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills
    – the flesh of fish used as food
    – the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20
    – (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces
    – verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish
    – seek indirectly
    fitness – noun the condition of being suitable
    – the quality of being qualified
    – good physical condition; being in shape or in condition
    – fitness to traverse the seas
    flab – noun loose or flaccid body fat
    flanker – noun a soldier who is a member of a detachment assigned to guard the flanks of a military formation
    – a back stationed wide of the scrimmage line; used as a pass receiver
    flesh – noun the soft tissue of the body of a vertebrate: mainly muscle tissue and fat
    – alternative names for the body of a human being
    – a soft moist part of a fruit
    – verb remove adhering flesh from (hides) when preparing leather manufacture
    fleshiness – noun more than average fatness
    flora – noun a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
    – all the plant life in a particular region or period
    flush – adj. of a surface exactly even with an adjoining one, forming the same plane
    – having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value
    – adv. squarely or solidly
    – in the same plane
    – noun a sudden rapid flow (as of water)
    – a poker hand with all 5 cards in the same suit
    – sudden reddening of the face (as from embarrassment or guilt or shame or modesty)
    – the swift release of a store of affective force
    – a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health
    – sudden brief sensation of heat (associated with menopause and some mental disorders)
    – the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
    – verb cause to flow or flood with or as if with water
    – flow freely
    – rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid
    – make level or straight
    – turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
    – irrigate with water from a sluice
    – polish and make shiny
    fodder – noun coarse food (especially for cattle and horses) composed of entire plants or the leaves and stalks of a cereal crop
    – verb give fodder (to domesticated animals)
    folate – noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
    food – noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
    – anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking
    – any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
    foodstuff – noun a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
    – (usually plural) consumer goods sold by a grocer
    forage – noun the act of searching for food and provisions
    – animal food for browsing or grazing
    – verb wander and feed
    – collect or look around for (food)
    foraging – noun the act of searching for food and provisions
    formula – noun a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement
    – a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle
    – a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements
    – a liquid food for infants
    – something regarded as a normative example
    – (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems
    – directions for making something
    frank – adj. clearly manifest; evident
    – characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion
    – noun a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll
    – a member of the ancient Germanic peoples who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century
    – verb exempt by means of an official pass or letter, as from customs or other checks
    – stamp with a postmark to indicate date and time of mailing
    frankfurt – noun a German city; an industrial and commercial and financial center
    fructose – noun a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
    fruit – noun the consequence of some effort or action
    – the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant
    – an amount of a product
    – verb bear fruit
    – cause to bear fruit
    gain – noun the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating
    – the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input
    – the advantageous quality of being beneficial
    – a quantity that is added
    – verb increase (one’s body weight)
    – increase in
    – obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
    – earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages
    – rise in rate or price
    – reach a destination, either real or abstract
    – win something through one’s efforts
    – derive a benefit from
    – obtain
    gene – noun (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
    generalized – adj. spread throughout a body or system
    – not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
    genetic – adj. of or relating to the science of genetics
    – pertaining to or referring to origin
    – tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
    – of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
    genetic disorder – noun a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
    genetics – noun the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
    geophagy – noun eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency
    gingivitis – noun inflammation of the gums
    glandular disease – noun a disorder of the glands of the body
    gluten – noun a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
    goiter – noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
    goitre – noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
    gourmet – noun a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment (especially good food and drink)
    gout – noun a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
    gram – noun Danish physician and bacteriologist who developed a method of staining bacteria to distinguish among them (1853-1938)
    – a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram
    grocery – noun (usually plural) consumer goods sold by a grocer
    – a marketplace where groceries are sold
    gross – adj. repellently fat
    – lacking fine distinctions or detail
    – before any deductions
    – conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
    – conspicuously and tastelessly indecent
    – visible to the naked eye (especially of rocks and anatomical features)
    – without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers
    – noun the entire amount of income before any deductions are made
    – twelve dozen
    – verb earn before taxes, expenses, etc.
    grotesque – adj. distorted and unnatural in shape or size; abnormal and hideous
    – ludicrously odd
    – noun art characterized by an incongruous mixture of parts of humans and animals interwoven with plants
    habitat – noun the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
    handbook – noun a concise reference book providing specific information about a subject or location
    hay – noun grass mowed and cured for use as fodder
    – verb convert (plant material) into hay
    health – noun the general condition of body and mind
    – a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
    health problem – noun a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
    healthiness – noun the state of being vigorous and free from bodily or mental disease
    heart – noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it
    – an inclination or tendency of a certain kind
    – the courage to carry on
    – the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body
    – the locus of feelings and intuitions
    – a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal)
    – a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines
    – the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
    – a positive feeling of liking
    – an area that is approximately central within some larger region
    heart disease – noun a disease of the heart
    heating – noun the process of becoming warmer; a rising temperature
    – utility to warm a building
    herbal – adj. of or relating to herbs
    – noun tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
    hereditary – adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent
    – tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
    heredity – noun the total of inherited attributes
    – the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next
    herpes simplex encephalitis – noun common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1; usually affects the temporal and frontal lobes
    high – adj. happy and excited and energetic
    – slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana)
    – (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee-high’)
    – greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount
    – used of sounds and voices; high in pitch or frequency
    – (used of the smell of meat) smelling spoiled or tainted
    – standing above others in quality or position
    – adv. at a great altitude
    – far up toward the source
    – in or to a high position, amount, or degree
    – in a rich manner
    – noun a lofty level or position or degree
    – a high place
    – a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics
    – a state of sustained elation
    – an air mass of higher than normal pressure
    – a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed
    – a public secondary school usually including grades 9 through 12
    high blood pressure – noun a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
    hirsutism – noun excessive hairiness
    home – adj. inside the country
    – used of your own ground
    – relating to or being where one lives or where one’s roots are
    – adv. at or to or in the direction of one’s home or family
    – to the fullest extent; to the heart
    – on or to the point aimed at
    – noun an institution where people are cared for
    – the country or state or city where you live
    – where you live at a particular time
    – place where something began and flourished
    – an environment offering affection and security
    – housing that someone is living in
    – (baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score
    – a social unit living together
    – the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
    – verb return home accurately from a long distance
    – provide with, or send to, a home
    house – noun play in which children take the roles of father or mother or children and pretend to interact like adults
    – a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families
    – a building in which something is sheltered or located
    – aristocratic family line
    – an official assembly having legislative powers
    – the audience gathered together in a theatre or cinema
    – the members of a religious community living together
    – the management of a gambling house or casino
    – a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented
    – the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments
    – a social unit living together
    – (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided
    – verb provide housing for
    – contain or cover
    human – adj. having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings
    – characteristic of humanity
    – relating to a person
    – noun any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
    humans – noun all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
    hump – noun something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
    – verb have sexual intercourse with
    – arch one’s back
    hunger – noun strong desire for something (not food or drink)
    – a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation
    – verb feel the need to eat
    – be hungry; go without food
    – have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
    hygiene – noun the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health
    – a condition promoting sanitary practices
    hyperadrenalism – noun a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity
    hypercholesterolemia – noun the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis
    hyperemesis gravidarum – noun hyperemesis during pregnancy; if severe it can result in damage to the brain and liver and kidney
    hyperglycaemia – noun abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
    hyperglycemia – noun abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
    hyperlipidaemia – noun presence of excess lipids in the blood
    hyperlipidemia – noun presence of excess lipids in the blood
    hypertension – noun a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
    hypertensive – adj. having abnormally high blood pressure
    – noun a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
    hyperthyroidism – noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
    hypertrophy – noun abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ
    – verb undergo hypertrophy
    hypoglycaemia – noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
    hypoglycemia – noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
    hypogonadism – noun incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone); results in deficient development of secondary sex characteristics and (in prepubertal males) a body with long legs and a short trunk
    hypoproteinemia – noun abnormally low level of protein in the blood; can indicate inadequate diet or intestinal or renal disorders
    hypotensive – adj. having abnormally low blood pressure
    – noun a person who has abnormally low blood pressure
    hypothalamic – adj. of or relating to the hypothalamus
    hypothalamus – noun a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
    hypothyroidism – noun an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
    hypotonia – noun (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
    i – noun the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet
    – a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
    iddm – noun severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
    idiopathic – adj. (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
    illness – noun impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
    impair – verb make worse or less effective
    – make imperfect
    implicated – adj. culpably involved
    inactivity – noun being inactive; being less active
    – a disposition to remain inactive or inert
    – the state of being inactive
    incidence – noun the striking of a light beam on a surface
    – the relative frequency of occurrence of something
    inclined – adj. at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position
    – (often followed by `to’) having a preference, disposition, or tendency
    – used especially of the head or upper back
    – having made preparations
    increasing – adj. becoming greater or larger
    – music
    independent – adj. not dependent on or conditioned by or relative to anything else
    – not contingent
    – free from external control and constraint
    – (of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence
    – not controlled by a party or interest group
    – (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces
    – noun a writer or artist who sells services to different employers without a long-term contract with any of them
    – a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
    induce – verb reason or establish by induction
    – cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
    – cause to arise
    – cause to occur rapidly
    – produce electric current by electrostatic or magnetic processes
    induced – adj. brought about or caused; not spontaneous
    infancy – noun the earliest state of immaturity
    – the early stage of growth or development
    infant – noun a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
    infant mortality – noun the death rate during the first year of life
    infantile – adj. being or befitting or characteristic of an infant
    – of or relating to infants or infancy
    – indicating a lack of maturity
    infertility – noun the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
    inflammatory bowel disease – noun inflammation of the colon
    ingestion – noun the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
    ingredient – noun a component of a mixture or compound
    – food that is a component of a mixture in cooking
    – an abstract part of something
    inherited – adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
    innocence – noun a state or condition of being innocent of a specific crime or offense
    – the quality of innocent naivete
    – the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong; lacking a knowledge of evil
    instance – noun an item of information that is representative of a type
    – an occurrence of something
    – verb clarify by giving an example of
    insufficiency – noun lack of an adequate quantity or number
    – (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally
    – a lack of competence
    insulin – noun hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
    intake – noun an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container
    – the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
    intestinal – adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
    intestinal bypass – noun surgical operation that shortens the small intestine; used in treating obesity
    intolerance – noun impatience with annoyances
    – unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
    intractable – adj. not tractable; difficult to manage or mold
    introduction – noun the act of beginning something new
    – the first section of a communication
    – a basic or elementary instructional text
    – a new proposal
    – the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new
    – the act of putting one thing into another
    – formally making a person known to another or to the public
    inulin – noun used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
    iodine – noun a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
    – a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
    iron – adj. extremely robust
    – noun home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth
    – a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head
    – implement used to brand live stock
    – a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
    – verb press and smooth with a heated iron
    item – adv. (used when listing or enumerating items) also
    – noun a whole individual unit; especially when included in a list or collection
    – a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group of things that could be enumerated on a list
    – an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole
    – an individual instance of a type of symbol
    – a small part that can be considered separately from the whole
    journal – noun the part of the axle contained by a bearing
    – a record book as a physical object
    – a periodical dedicated to a particular subject
    – a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations
    – a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
    juvenile – adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people
    – displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity
    – noun a youthful person
    juvenile diabetes – noun severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
    ketosis – noun an abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus
    kidney disease – noun a disease affecting the kidneys
    knesset – noun the Israeli unicameral parliament
    krill – noun shrimp-like planktonic crustaceans; major source of food for e.g. baleen whales
    kwashiorkor – noun severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
    lactose – noun a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
    lactose intolerance – noun congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
    later – adj. coming at a subsequent time or stage
    – at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
    – adv. comparative of the adverb `late’
    – happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
    – at some eventual time in the future
    ldl – noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
    lead – noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge
    – a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead’)
    – mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil
    – thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing
    – an advantage held by a competitor in a race
    – evidence pointing to a possible solution
    – the introductory section of a story
    – a news story of major importance
    – (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base
    – (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning
    – the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile)
    – a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey
    – a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire
    – restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal
    – the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine
    – an indication of potential opportunity
    – an actor who plays a principal role
    – verb cause to undertake a certain action
    – travel in front of; go in advance of others
    – take somebody somewhere
    – tend to or result in
    – be ahead of others; be the first
    – pass or spend
    – preside over
    – lead, as in the performance of a composition
    – move ahead (of others) in time or space
    – be in charge of
    – be conducive to
    – have as a result or residue
    – stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
    – lead, extend, or afford access
    – cause something to pass or lead somewhere
    leanness – noun the property of having little body fat
    – the quality of being meager
    legislature – noun persons who make or amend or repeal laws
    lent – noun a period of 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday
    leucine – noun a white crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins that is essential for nutrition; obtained by the hydrolysis of most dietary proteins
    lifelong – adj. continuing through life
    lifestyle – noun a manner of living that reflects the person’s values and attitudes
    light – adj. characterized by or emitting light
    – (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent
    – (of sleep) easily disturbed
    – demanding little effort; not burdensome
    – having relatively few calories
    – easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned
    – of comparatively little physical weight or density
    – designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight
    – psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles
    – not great in degree or quantity or number
    – (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average
    – of little intensity or power or force
    – moving easily and quickly; nimble
    – of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment
    – intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound
    – having little importance
    – less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
    – casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior
    – (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency
    – (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims
    – silly or trivial
    – used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress
    – marked by temperance in indulgence
    – very thin and insubstantial
    – weak and likely to lose consciousness
    – adv. with few burdens
    – noun any device serving as a source of illumination
    – the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures
    – public awareness
    – mental understanding as an enlightening experience
    – a particular perspective or aspect of a situation
    – a visual warning signal
    – an illuminated area
    – a person regarded very fondly
    – (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
    – having abundant light or illumination
    – a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination
    – a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires
    – merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance
    – the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light
    – a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul
    – verb make lighter or brighter
    – begin to smoke
    – get off (a horse)
    – to come to rest, settle
    – fall to somebody by assignment or lot
    – cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
    likelihood – noun the probability of a specified outcome
    link – noun a fastener that serves to join or connect
    – an interconnecting circuit between two or more locations for the purpose of transmitting and receiving data
    – (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list
    – a unit of length equal to 1/100 of a chain
    – the means of connection between things linked in series
    – a two-way radio communication system (usually microwave); part of a more extensive telecommunication network
    – a channel for communication between groups
    – a connecting shape
    – the state of being connected
    – verb make a logical or causal connection
    – connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces
    – link with or as with a yoke
    – be or become joined or united or linked
    linked – adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
    links – noun a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
    lipide – noun an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
    lipidemia – noun presence of excess lipids in the blood
    lipomatosis – noun pathology in which fat accumulates in lipomas in the body
    liquid – adj. clear and bright
    – smooth and flowing in quality; entirely free of harshness
    – existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow
    – filled or brimming with tears
    – in cash or easily convertible to cash
    – smooth and unconstrained in movement
    – changed from a solid to a liquid state
    – noun a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l’ and `r’)
    – the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
    – a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume
    – a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
    lite – adj. having relatively few calories
    loading – noun the labor of putting a load of something on or in a vehicle or ship or container etc.
    – the ratio of the gross weight of an airplane to some factor determining its lift
    – goods carried by a large vehicle
    – weight to be borne or conveyed
    – a quantity that can be processed or transported at one time
    lose weight – verb take off weight
    low-cal – adj. having relatively few calories
    lowering – adj. darkened by clouds
    – noun the act of causing something to move to a lower level
    – the act of causing to become less
    luther – noun German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546)
    lymphedema – noun swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues
    macrobiotic – adj. of or relating to the theory or practice of macrobiotics
    macrobiotics – noun the theory of promoting health and longevity by means of diet (especially whole beans and grains)
    magnate – noun a very wealthy or powerful businessman
    mainstay – noun the forestay that braces the mainmast
    – a central cohesive source of support and stability
    – a prominent supporter
    maintenance – noun the unauthorized interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it (as by helping one party with money or otherwise to continue the action) so as to obstruct justice or promote unnecessary litigation or unsettle the peace of the community
    – means of maintenance of a family or group
    – activity involved in maintaining something in good working order
    – the act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence
    – court-ordered support paid by one spouse to another after they are separated
    malabsorption – noun abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
    malignancy – noun (medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death
    – quality of being disposed to evil; intense ill will
    malnourishment – noun not having enough food to develop or function formally
    malnutrition – noun a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
    management – noun the act of managing something
    – those in charge of running a business
    manna – noun hardened sugary exudation of various trees
    – (Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
    marked – adj. singled out for notice or especially for a dire fate
    – strongly marked; easily noticeable
    – having or as if having an identifying mark or a mark as specified; often used in combination
    massive – adj. consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter
    – imposing in size or bulk or solidity
    – imposing in scale or scope or degree or power
    – being the same substance throughout
    mat – adj. not reflecting light; not glossy
    – noun a thick flat pad used as a floor covering
    – sports equipment consisting of a piece of thick padding on the floor for gymnastic sports
    – a small pad of material that is used to protect surface from an object placed on it
    – mounting consisting of a border or background for a picture
    – a mass that is densely tangled or interwoven
    – the property of having little or no contrast; lacking highlights or gloss
    – a master’s degree in teaching
    – verb change texture so as to become matted and felt-like
    – twist together or entwine into a confusing mass
    maternal – adj. characteristic of a mother
    – relating to or derived from one’s mother
    – relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent
    – related on the mother’s side
    meal – noun coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse
    – the food served and eaten at one time
    – any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times
    meal plan – noun a plan and a room rate for providing meals to guests at a hotel
    medicare – noun health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
    medication – noun the act of treating with medicines or remedies
    – (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
    medicine – noun the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries
    – (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
    – the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
    – punishment for one’s actions
    – verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
    meditation – noun continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature
    – (religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects)
    melon – noun any of numerous fruits of the gourd family having a hard rind and sweet juicy flesh
    – any of various fruit of cucurbitaceous vines including: muskmelons; watermelons; cantaloupes; cucumbers
    menopause – noun the time in a woman’s life in which the menstrual cycle ends
    menu – noun an agenda of things to do
    – a list of dishes available at a restaurant
    – (computer science) a list of options available to a computer user
    – the dishes making up a meal
    mess – noun a (large) military dining room where service personnel eat or relax
    – a meal eaten in a mess hall by service personnel
    – soft semiliquid food
    – a state of confusion and disorderliness
    – (often followed by `of’) a large number or amount or extent
    – informal terms for a difficult situation
    – verb make a mess of or create disorder in
    – eat in a mess hall
    metabolic – adj. undergoing metamorphosis
    – of or relating to metabolism
    metabolic disorder – noun a disorder or defect of metabolism
    metabolism – noun the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
    – the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
    methamphetamine – noun an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
    micronutrient – noun a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)
    mild – adj. moderate in type or degree or effect or force; far from extreme
    – mild and pleasant
    – humble in spirit or manner; suggesting retiring mildness or even cowed submissiveness
    milk – noun produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young
    – a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings
    – any of several nutritive milklike liquids
    – a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River
    – verb take milk from female mammals
    – add milk to
    – exploit as much as possible
    moderate – adj. not extreme
    – being within reasonable or average limits; not excessive or extreme
    – marked by avoidance of extravagance or extremes
    – noun a person who takes a position in the political center
    – verb make less fast or intense
    – preside over
    – restrain or temper
    – make less strong or intense; soften
    – make less severe or harsh
    – lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits
    modification – noun slightly modified copy; not an exact copy
    – the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
    – the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
    – an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
    monogenic – adj. of or relating to an inheritable character that is controlled by a single pair of genes
    monotony – noun constancy of tone or pitch or inflection
    – the quality of wearisome constancy, routine, and lack of variety
    monounsaturated – adj. (of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) saturated except for one multiple bond
    monstrous – adj. abnormally large
    – distorted and unnatural in shape or size; abnormal and hideous
    – shockingly brutal or cruel
    morbid – adj. suggesting an unhealthy mental state
    – caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
    – suggesting the horror of death and decay
    morbidity – noun an abnormally gloomy or unhealthy state of mind
    – the relative incidence of a particular disease
    – the quality of being unhealthful and generally bad for you
    mortality – noun the quality or state of being mortal
    – the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
    multivitamin – noun a pill or tablet containing several vitamins
    murphy – noun an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland
    mycophagy – noun the practice of eating fungi (especially mushrooms collected in the wild)
    narcolepsy – noun a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
    naturopathy – noun a method of treating disease using food and exercise and heat to assist the natural healing process
    necrobiosis lipoidica – noun skin disease marked by thin shiny patches (especially on the legs); often associated with diabetes mellitus
    nectar – noun fruit juice especially when undiluted
    – a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators
    – (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
    neuroleptic – noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
    nicotine addiction – noun an addiction to nicotine
    niddm – noun mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin
    nonfat – adj. without fat or fat solids
    normotensive – adj. having normal blood pressure
    nosh – noun (Yiddish) a snack or light meal
    – verb eat a snack; eat lightly
    nourishment – noun the act of nourishing
    – a source of materials to nourish the body
    nutrient – adj. of or providing nourishment
    – noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
    nutrify – verb give nourishment to
    nutrition – noun the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
    – (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance
    – a source of materials to nourish the body
    nutritional – adj. of or relating to or providing nutrition
    nutritionist – noun a specialist in the study of nutrition
    oat – noun seed of the annual grass Avena sativa (spoken of primarily in the plural as `oats’)
    – annual grass of Europe and North Africa; grains used as food and fodder (referred to primarily in the plural: `oats’)
    oatmeal – noun meal made from rolled or ground oats
    – porridge made of rolled oats
    obese – adj. excessively fat
    obesity – noun more than average fatness
    on – adj. in operation or operational
    – (of events) planned or scheduled
    – adv. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration
    – in a state required for something to function or be effective
    – with a forward motion
    onset – noun the beginning or early stages
    – (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons)
    osteoarthritis – noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
    osteoporosis – noun abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
    overeating – noun eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)
    overfeeding – noun excessive feeding
    overproduction – noun too much production or more than expected
    overweight – adj. usually describes a large person who is fat but has a large frame to carry it
    – noun the property of excessive fatness
    oxidized – adj. combined with or having undergone a chemical reaction with oxygen
    pablum – noun a soft form of cereal for infants
    – worthless or oversimplified ideas
    pack – noun a convenient package or parcel (as of cigarettes or film)
    – a bundle (especially one carried on the back)
    – a sheet or blanket (either dry or wet) to wrap around the body for its therapeutic effect
    – a cream that cleanses and tones the skin
    – a complete collection of similar things
    – a group of hunting animals
    – an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose
    – an association of criminals
    – a large indefinite number
    – verb treat the body or any part of it by wrapping it, as with blankets or sheets, and applying compresses to it, or stuffing it to provide cover, containment, or therapy, or to absorb blood
    – carry, as on one’s back
    – arrange in a container
    – load with a pack
    – compress into a wad
    – seal with packing
    – fill to capacity
    – set up a committee or legislative body with one’s own supporters so as to influence the outcome
    – have the property of being packable or of compacting easily
    – press down tightly
    – hike with a backpack
    – press tightly together or cram
    – have with oneself; have on one’s person
    pack on – verb gain (weight)
    palatability – noun acceptability to the mind or feelings
    – the property of being acceptable to the mouth
    pap – noun worthless or oversimplified ideas
    – the small projection of a mammary gland
    – a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders
    parental – adj. relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent
    – designating the generation of organisms from which hybrid offspring are produced
    parliament – noun a legislative assembly in certain countries
    – a card game in which you play your sevens and other cards in sequence in the same suit as the sevens; you win if you are the first to use all your cards
    pathogenesis – noun the origination and development of a disease
    pathological – adj. caused by or evidencing a mentally disturbed condition
    – of or relating to the practice of pathology
    – caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
    pediatric – adj. of or relating to the medical care of children
    periodontal disease – noun a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
    periodontitis – noun a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
    persistent – adj. never-ceasing
    – retained; not shed
    – continually recurring to the mind
    person – noun a human being
    – a human body (usually including the clothing)
    – a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms
    pharmacokinetics – noun the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
    phenylalanine – noun an essential amino acid found in proteins and needed for growth of children and for protein metabolism in children and adults; abundant in milk and eggs; it is normally converted to tyrosine in the human body
    phosphorus – noun a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
    – a planet (usually Venus) seen just before sunrise in the eastern sky
    phylloquinone – noun a form of vitamin K
    pigmentation – noun coloration of living tissues by pigment
    – the deposition of pigment in animals or plants or human beings
    pill – noun a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet
    – something that resembles a tablet of medicine in shape or size
    – a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception
    – something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured
    – a unpleasant or tiresome person
    pituitary – adj. of or relating to the pituitary gland
    – having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion
    – noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
    plan – noun scale drawing of a structure
    – a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished
    – an arrangement scheme
    – verb make plans for something
    – have the will and intention to carry out some action
    – make or work out a plan for; devise
    – make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form
    planet – noun (astronomy) any of the nine large celestial bodies in the solar system that revolve around the sun and shine by reflected light; Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto in order of their proximity to the sun; viewed from the constellation Hercules, all the planets rotate around the sun in a counterclockwise direction
    – any celestial body (other than comets or satellites) that revolves around a star
    – a person who follows or serves another
    plethora – noun extreme excess
    plumpness – noun the bodily property of being well rounded
    polycythemia – noun a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
    polydactyly – noun birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
    polygenic – adj. of or relating to an inheritable character that is controlled by several genes at once; of or related to or determined by polygenes
    polyunsaturated – adj. (of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) having many unsaturated bonds
    postmenopausal – adj. subsequent to menopause
    posture – noun characteristic way of bearing one’s body
    – the arrangement of the body and its limbs
    – capability in terms of personnel and materiel that affect the capacity to fight a war
    – a rationalized mental attitude
    – verb assume a posture as for artistic purposes
    – behave affectedly or unnaturally in order to impress others
    poverty – noun the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
    power – noun possession of controlling influence
    – one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
    – (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second)
    – physical strength
    – possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
    – a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
    – a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
    – a very wealthy or powerful businessman
    – (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power
    – verb supply the force or power for the functioning of
    predictor – noun a computer for controlling antiaircraft fire that computes the position of an aircraft at the instant of a shell’s arrival
    – information that supports a probabilistic estimate of future events
    – someone who makes predictions of the future (usually on the basis of special knowledge)
    predispose – verb make susceptible
    predisposed – adj. made susceptible
    predisposition – noun a disposition in advance to react in a particular way
    – an inclination beforehand to interpret statements in a particular way
    – susceptibility to a pathogen
    preeclampsia – noun abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
    pregnancy – noun the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
    prematurity – noun the state of being premature
    preponderance – noun exceeding in heaviness; having greater weight
    – a superiority in numbers or amount
    – superiority in power or influence
    preschool – noun an educational institution for children too young for elementary school
    prescription – adj. available only with a doctor’s written prescription
    – noun written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient
    – written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person
    – directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions
    – a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
    pressure – noun a force that compels
    – the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin
    – the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit)
    – an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress
    – the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure
    – the state of demanding notice or attention
    – verb to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :”She forced him to take a job in the city”
    – exert pressure on someone through threats
    prevalence – noun the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread
    – (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population
    – a superiority in numbers or amount
    prevent – verb prevent from doing something or being in a certain state
    – keep from happening or arising; make impossible
    preventative – adj. preventing or contributing to the prevention of disease
    – tending to prevent or hinder
    – noun an agent or device intended to prevent conception
    – any obstruction that impedes or is burdensome
    – remedy that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease
    prevention – noun the act of preventing
    prey – noun animal hunted or caught for food
    – a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence
    – verb profit from in an exploitatory manner
    – prey on or hunt for
    procedure – noun a mode of conducting legal and parliamentary proceedings
    – a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
    – a process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work
    – a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
    propensity – noun a disposition to behave in a certain way
    – a natural inclination
    – an inclination to do something
    protein – noun any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
    psychogenic – adj. mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin
    – of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
    psychopathology – noun the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
    – the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
    psyllium – noun plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
    puberty – noun the time of life when sex glands become functional
    pudge – noun a short fat person
    pudginess – noun the property of having a plump and round body
    puppy – noun a young dog
    – an inexperienced young person
    puppy fat – noun fat on the body of a baby or child; disappears at adolescence
    pyramid – noun a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
    – (stock market) a series of transactions in which the speculator increases his holdings by using the rising market value of those holdings as margin for further purchases
    – a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides with a common vertex
    – verb increase rapidly and progressively step by step on a broad base
    – arrange or build up as if on the base of a pyramid
    – use or deal in (as of stock or commercial transaction) in a pyramid deal
    – enlarge one’s holdings on an exchange on a continued rise by using paper profits as margin to buy additional amounts
    r – noun the 18th letter of the Roman alphabet
    – the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere
    – (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = R times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole
    – a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
    rat – noun any of various long-tailed rodents similar to but larger than a mouse
    – a pad (usually made of hair) worn as part of a woman’s coiffure
    – one who reveals confidential information in return for money
    – a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible
    – someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike
    – verb catch rats, especially with dogs
    – give (hair) the appearance of being fuller by using a rat
    – employ scabs or strike breakers in
    – desert one’s party or group of friends, for example, for one’s personal advantage
    – give away information about somebody
    – take the place of work of someone on strike
    rate – noun amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis
    – a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure
    – a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit
    – the relative speed of progress or change
    – verb assign a rank or rating to
    – estimate the value of
    – be worthy of or have a certain rating
    rates – noun a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
    ration – noun the food allowance for one day (especially for service personnel)
    – a fixed portion that is allotted (especially in times of scarcity)
    – verb distribute in rations, as in the army
    – restrict the consumption of a relatively scarce commodity, as during war
    reactive – adj. participating readily in reactions
    – tending to react to a stimulus
    reducing – noun loss of excess weight (as by dieting); becoming slimmer
    – any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent
    refractory – adj. temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli
    – not responding to treatment
    – stubbornly resistant to authority or control
    – noun lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
    regime – noun (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
    – the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
    regimen – noun (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
    related – adj. connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage
    – being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics
    – having close kinship and appropriateness
    – similar or related in quality or character
    remedy – noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
    – act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
    – verb provide relief for
    – set straight or right
    res – noun a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
    resistance – noun the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with
    – the military action of resisting the enemy’s advance
    – group action in opposition to those in power
    – (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
    – the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria)
    – any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion
    – an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current
    – a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force
    – a material’s opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms
    – (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
    resistant – adj. impervious to being affected
    – incapable of absorbing or mixing with
    – disposed to or engaged in defiance of established authority
    – relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection)
    – able to tolerate environmental conditions or physiological stress
    restaurant – noun a building where people go to eat
    restriction – noun the act of keeping something within specified bounds (by force if necessary)
    – a principle that limits the extent of something
    – an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
    result – noun something that results
    – the semantic role of the noun phrase whose referent exists only by virtue of the activity denoted by the verb in the clause
    – a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
    – a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
    – verb issue or terminate (in a specified way, state, etc.); end
    – have as a result or residue
    resultant – adj. following as an effect or result
    – noun the final point in a process
    – a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectors
    – something that results
    resulting – adj. following as an effect or result
    resumption – noun beginning again
    retardation – noun lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
    – the extent to which something is delayed or held back
    – the act of slowing down or falling behind
    – a decrease in rate of change
    – any agent that retards or delays or hinders
    retinitis – noun inflammation of the retina
    reverse – adj. of the transmission gear causing backward movement in a motor vehicle
    – reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect
    – directed or moving toward the rear
    – noun (American football) a running play in which a back running in one direction hands the ball to a back running in the opposite direction
    – the gears by which the motion of a machine can be reversed
    – the side of a coin or medal that does not bear the principal design
    – an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting or frustrating
    – a relation of direct opposition
    – turning in the opposite direction
    – verb change to the contrary
    – turn inside out or upside down
    – rule against
    – annul by recalling or rescinding
    reversible – adj. capable of assuming or producing either of two states
    – capable of reversing or being reversed
    – capable of being reversed or used with either side out
    – capable of being reversed
    – noun a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
    rheumatoid – adj. of or pertaining to arthritis
    rheumatoid arthritis – noun a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
    rice – noun grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
    – United States playwright (1892-1967)
    – English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944)
    – annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper
    – verb sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
    risk – noun a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury
    – the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent
    – the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred
    – a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune
    – verb expose to a chance of loss or damage
    – take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
    rite – noun an established ceremony prescribed by a religion
    – any customary observance or practice
    rotundness – noun the roundness of a 3-dimensional object
    roughage – noun coarse food high in fiber but low in nutrients; its bulk stimulates peristalsis
    routine – adj. occurring at fixed times or predictable intervals
    – found in the ordinary course of events
    – noun an unvarying or habitual method or procedure
    – a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
    – a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program
    sagebrush – noun any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
    salt – adj. (of speech) painful or bitter
    – one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water
    – noun the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth
    – white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
    – a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
    – negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries’ stock of nuclear weapons
    – verb preserve with salt
    – add zest or liveliness to
    – sprinkle as if with salt
    – add salt to
    sanitation – noun making something sanitary (free of germs) as by sterilizing
    – the state of being clean and conducive to health
    scheme – noun an elaborate and systematic plan of action
    – a schematic or preliminary plan
    – an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new information about the world
    – a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery
    – a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
    – verb form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner
    – devise a system or form a scheme for
    screening – noun testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics
    – fabric of metal or plastic mesh
    – the display of a motion picture
    – the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
    sedentary – adj. requiring sitting or little activity
    see – noun the seat within a bishop’s diocese where his cathedral is located
    – verb be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something
    – deem to be
    – deliberate or decide
    – match or meet
    – receive as a specified guest
    – accompany or escort
    – perceive by sight or have the power to perceive by sight
    – see and understand, have a good eye
    – observe as if with an eye
    – go to see for professional or business reasons
    – go to see for a social visit
    – perceive (an idea or situation) mentally
    – get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally
    – make sense of; assign a meaning to
    – find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
    – imagine; conceive of; see in one’s mind
    – come together
    – go or live through
    – perceive or be contemporaneous with
    – observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
    – see or watch
    – date regularly; have a steady relationship with
    – visit a place, as for entertainment
    – take charge of or deal with
    seriously – adv. in a serious manner
    – to a severe or serious degree
    session – noun a meeting devoted to a particular activity
    – a meeting for execution of a group’s functions
    – a meeting of spiritualists
    – the time during which a school holds classes
    sessions – noun United States composer who promoted 20th century music (1896-1985)
    set – adj. being below the horizon
    – converted to solid form (as concrete)
    – fixed and unmoving
    – set down according to a plan:”a carefully laid table with places set for four people”
    – (usually followed by `to’ or `for’) on the point of or strongly disposed
    – situated in a particular spot or position
    – determined or decided upon as by an authority
    – noun several exercises intended to be done in series
    – the act of putting something in position
    – any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals
    – (psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way
    – the descent of a heavenly body below the horizon
    – a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used
    – (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols
    – an unofficial association of people or groups
    – evil Egyptian god with the head of a beast that has high square ears and a long snout; brother and murderer of Osiris
    – a unit of play in tennis or squash
    – representation consisting of the scenery and other properties used to identify the location of a dramatic production
    – a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way
    – the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
    – verb set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly
    – put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state
    – establish as the highest level or best performance
    – give a fine, sharp edge to a knife or razor
    – insert (a nail or screw below the surface, as into a countersink)
    – fix in a border
    – put into a position that will restore a normal state
    – apply or start
    – locate
    – disappear beyond the horizon
    – arrange attractively
    – bear fruit
    – alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
    – make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
    – get ready for a particular purpose or event
    – equip with sails or masts
    – become gelatinous
    – estimate
    – fix conclusively or authoritatively
    – decide upon or fix definitely
    – urge a dog to attack someone
    – put into a certain place or abstract location
    – put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground
    – adapt for performance in a different way
    – set in type
    severe – adj. very bad in degree or extent
    – unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment
    – intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality
    – causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
    – severely simple
    – very strong or vigorous
    shorten – verb become short or shorter
    – make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration
    – make short or shorter
    – edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate
    – reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
    simple – adj. unornamented
    – (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions
    – having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved
    – easy and not involved or complicated
    – apart from anything else; without additions or modifications
    – lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety
    – exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity
    – noun any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties
    – a person lacking intelligence or common sense
    sleep – noun a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended
    – a torpid state resembling deep sleep
    – a period of time spent sleeping
    – euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)
    – verb be asleep
    – be able to accommodate for sleeping
    sleep apnea – noun apnea that occurs during sleep
    smoking – adj. emitting smoke in great volume
    – noun the act of smoking tobacco or other substances
    – a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
    sodium – noun a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
    soft – adj. not brilliant or glaring
    – willing to negotiate and compromise
    – out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance
    – yielding readily to pressure or weight
    – compassionate and kind; conciliatory
    – (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward the hard palate; characterized by a hissing or hushing sound (as `s’ and `sh’)
    – (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected
    – (of sound) relatively low in volume
    – not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons)
    – using evidence not readily amenable to experimental verification or refutation
    – (of a commodity or market or currency) falling or likely to fall in value
    – mild and pleasant
    – not burdensome or demanding; borne or done easily and without hardship
    – having little impact
    – used chiefly as a direction or description in music
    – soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe
    – tolerant or lenient
    – produced with vibration of the vocal cords
    – easily hurt
    – adv. in a relaxed manner; or without hardship
    somnolence – noun a very sleepy state
    speed – noun changing location rapidly
    – a rate (usually rapid) at which something happens
    – distance travelled per unit time
    – a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
    – the ratio of the focal length to the diameter of a (camera) lens system
    – verb travel at an excessive or illegal velocity
    – move faster
    – cause to move faster
    – move very fast
    – step on it
    spontaneous – adj. happening or arising without apparent external cause
    – said or done without having been planned or written in advance
    spoon – noun a piece of cutlery with a shallow bowl-shaped container and a handle; used to stir or serve or take up food
    – formerly a golfing wood with an elevated face
    – as much as a spoon will hold
    – verb scoop up or take up with a spoon
    – snuggle and lie in a position where one person faces the back of the others
    starvation – noun the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine
    – a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
    stature – noun (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot
    – high level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement
    stigma – noun a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease
    – an external tracheal aperture in a terrestrial arthropod
    – the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil
    – a symbol of disgrace or infamy
    stigmatization – noun the act of stigmatizing
    stoutness – noun the property of being strong and resolute
    – the property of excessive fatness
    stress – noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
    – (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body
    – difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
    – special emphasis attached to something
    – (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense
    – verb put stress on; utter with an accent
    – to stress, single out as important
    – test the limits of
    stroke – noun a light touch with the hands
    – a single complete movement
    – (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand
    – any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing
    – a mark made by a writing implement (as in cursive writing)
    – a light touch
    – the oarsman nearest the stern of the shell who sets the pace for the rest of the crew
    – a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
    – a punctuation mark (/) used to separate related items of information
    – the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
    – verb treat gingerly or carefully
    – strike a ball with a smooth blow
    – row at a particular rate
    – touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions
    subcutaneous – adj. relating to or located below the epidermis
    subsistence – noun minimal (or marginal) resources for subsisting
    – the state of existing in reality; having substance
    – a means of surviving
    substitute – adj. artificial and inferior
    – being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a team
    – capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team
    – noun a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
    – an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
    – someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)
    – verb put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
    – be a substitute
    – act as a substitute
    suffer – verb feel pain or be in pain
    – undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
    – feel unwell or uncomfortable
    – get worse
    – be set at a disadvantage
    – endure (emotional pain)
    – undergo or be subjected to
    – undergo or suffer
    – be given to
    – put up with something or somebody unpleasant
    – feel physical pain
    suffering – adj. troubled by pain or loss
    – very unhappy; full of misery
    – noun feelings of mental or physical pain
    – misery resulting from affliction
    – psychological suffering
    – a state of acute pain
    sugar – noun a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
    – informal terms for money
    – an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
    – verb sweeten with sugar
    summary – adj. briefly giving the gist of something
    – performed speedily and without formality
    – noun a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form
    supplement – noun a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)
    – a supplementary component that improves capability
    – textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end
    – verb add as a supplement to what seems insufficient
    – serve as a supplement to
    – add to the very end
    supplementation – noun the act of supplementing
    – a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)
    supply – noun offering goods and services for sale
    – an amount of something available for use
    – the activity of supplying or providing something
    – verb provide or furnish with
    – state or say further
    – provide what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance
    – circulate or distribute or equip with
    supplying – noun the activity of supplying or providing something
    suppressant – noun a drug that suppresses appetite
    surgery – noun a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted
    – the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
    – a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body
    – a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
    susceptibility – noun the state of being susceptible; easily affected
    syndrome – noun a complex of concurrent things
    – a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
    system – noun instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity
    – the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole
    – a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts
    – a complex of methods or rules governing behavior
    – a procedure or process for obtaining an objective
    – a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
    – (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium
    – an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized
    – an organized structure for arranging or classifying
    t – noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet
    – hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
    – thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer
    – a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes
    – a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms
    – one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
    – a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
    teenage – adj. being of the age 13 through 19
    tendency – noun a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition toward a certain condition or character or effect
    – a general direction in which something tends to move
    – an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
    – an inclination to do something
    therapy – noun (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
    thiamin – noun a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
    thiamine – noun a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
    thinness – noun a consistency of low viscosity
    – relatively small dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width
    – the property of having little body fat
    – the property of being scanty or scattered; lacking denseness
    – the property of being very narrow or thin
    thrive – verb gain in wealth
    – grow stronger
    tolerance – noun the act of tolerating something
    – the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions
    – willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others
    – a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior
    – a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
    tooth decay – noun soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
    toxemia of pregnancy – noun an abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and edema and protein in the urine
    training – noun activity leading to skilled behavior
    – the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior)
    trans fatty acid – noun a fatty acid that has been produced by hydrogenating an unsaturated fatty acid (and so changing its shape); found in processed foods such as margarine and fried foods and puddings and commercially baked goods and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils
    trauma – noun an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects
    – any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
    treat – noun an occurrence that causes special pleasure or delight
    – something considered choice to eat
    – verb provide treatment for
    – regard or consider in a specific way
    – engage in negotiations in order to reach an agreement
    – provide with a gift or entertainment
    – interact in a certain way
    – subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
    – deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression
    – provide with choice or abundant food or drink
    treatment – noun care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury
    – the management of someone or something
    – a manner of dealing with something artistically
    – an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
    type ii diabetes – noun mild form of diabetes mellitus that develops gradually in adults; can be precipitated by obesity or severe stress or menopause or other factors; can usually be controlled by diet and hypoglycemic agents without injections of insulin
    ulcer – noun a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
    uncomplicated – adj. lacking complexity
    – easy and not involved or complicated
    undernourishment – noun not having enough food to develop or function formally
    underweight – adj. being very thin
    unhealthiness – noun a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
    unhealthy – adj. not conducive to good health
    – not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind
    – detrimental to health
    valetudinarianism – noun the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
    vascular – adj. of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
    vegan – noun a strict vegetarian; someone who eats no animal or dairy products at all
    vegetarian – noun eater of fruits and grains and nuts; someone who eats no meat or fish or (often) any animal products
    vegetarianism – noun a diet excluding all meat and fish
    viewing – noun a vigil held over a corpse the night before burial
    – the display of a motion picture
    visceral – adj. relating to or affecting the viscera
    – obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
    vitamin – noun any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
    vitamin d – noun a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
    vitaminize – verb add vitamins as a supplement
    waistline – noun the narrowing of the body between the ribs and hips
    wasting – noun a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
    – any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
    watcher – noun a person who keeps a devotional vigil by a sick bed or by a dead body
    – a close observer; someone who looks at something (such as an exhibition of some kind)
    – a guard who keeps watch
    weaning – noun the act of substituting other food for the mother’s milk in the diet of a child or young mammal
    weight – noun an artifact that is heavy
    – sports equipment used in calisthenic exercises and weightlifting; it is not attached to anything and is raised and lowered by use of the hands and arms
    – the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
    – the relative importance granted to something
    – an oppressive feeling of heavy force
    – (statistics) a coefficient assigned to elements of a frequency distribution in order to represent their relative importance
    – a unit used to measure weight
    – a system of units used to express the weight of something
    – verb present with a bias
    – weight down with a load
    well – adj. wise or advantageous and hence advisable
    – in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury
    – resulting favorably
    – adv. (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good’ is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well’)
    – without unusual distress or resentment; with good humor
    – indicating high probability; in all likelihood
    – thoroughly or completely; fully; often used as a combining form
    – favorably; with approval
    – to a suitable or appropriate extent or degree
    – in financial comfort
    – in a manner affording benefit or advantage
    – to a great extent or degree
    – with skill or in a pleasing manner
    – with prudence or propriety
    – with great or especially intimate knowledge
    – (used for emphasis or as an intensifier) entirely or fully
    – noun a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine
    – an enclosed compartment in a ship or plane for holding something as e.g. fish or a plane’s landing gear or for protecting something as e.g. a ship’s pumps
    – an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway)
    – a cavity or vessel used to contain liquid
    – an abundant source
    – verb come up, as of a liquid
    williams syndrome – noun a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary
    worsened – adj. made or become worse; impaired
    – changed for the worse in health or fitness
    zinc deficiency – noun a deficiency caused by inadequate zinc in the diet or by liver disease or cystic fibrosis or other diseases

Benefits of weight loss

  • Why should you lose weight?
  • Does losing weight improve health?
  • What is the healthiest way to lose weight?
  • How much weight loss per week is healthy?
  • What are the health benefits of losing weight?
  • Does losing weight help improve overall health?

Obesity and overweight status is associated with increased risk of over 50 different medical conditions. Losing even a modest amount of weight loss of just about 5% of the person’s body weight have profound positive impact on a persons health if they are overweight or obese.

Delicious meal replacements

Delicious meal replacements

8 health benefits of losing weight:

  1. Reduced risk of cadiovascular disease
  2. Reduced risk of type 2 diabetes
  3. Reduced risk of high blood pressure
  4. Reduced risk of kidney disease
  5. Reduced risk of many types of cancers
  6. Reduced risk of osetoarthritis
  7. Reduced risk of sleep apnea
  8. Reduced risk of gastric reflux etc.

Studies have shown that even a modest weight loss can reduce cardiovascular disease, the number one killer in the US. Losing weight can also improve over 50 medical conditions some of which include diabetes, blood pressure, sleep apnea, gastric reflex, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis and many other medical problems.

W8MD weight loss team

W8MD weight loss team

Losing excess weight can also improve:

  • The quality of your sleep
  • Your breathing.

How do I know if I need to lose weight?

You can find out if you’re overweight by calculating your body mass index (BMI). This shows whether you’re a healthy weight for your height. Work out your BMI with the BMI healthy weight calculator.

Does the waist circumference matter?

Yes. The size of your waist is also important. If it’s too large, your risk of health problems is higher.

How can I lose weight safely?

The best way to lose weight is to make small, realistic changes to your diet and how physically active you are.

Here 8 weight loss tips

1. Don’t skip breakfast Skipping breakfast won’t help you lose weight.

2. Eat regular meals Eating at regular times during the day helps burn calories at a faster rate. It also reduces the temptation to snack on foods high in fat and sugar.

3. Eat plenty of fruit and veg Fruit and veg are low in calories and fat, and high in fiber – 3 essential ingredients for successful weight loss. They also contain plenty of vitamins and minerals.

4. Get more active Being active is key to losing weight and keeping it off. As well as providing numerous health benefits, exercise can help burn off the excess calories you can’t cut through diet alone

5. Drink plenty of water People sometimes confuse thirst with hunger. You can end up consuming extra calories when a glass of water is really what you need.

6. Eat high-fiber foods Foods containing lots of fiber can help keep you to feel full, which is perfect for losing weight. Fiber is only found in food from plants, such as fruit and veg, oats, wholegrain bread, brown rice and pasta, and beans, peas and lentils.

7. Read food labels Knowing how to read food labels can help you choose healthier options. Use the calorie information to work out how a particular food fits into your daily calorie allowance on the weight loss plan.

8. Use a smaller plate Using smaller plates can help you eat smaller portions. By using smaller plates and bowls, you may be able to gradually get used to eating smaller portions without going hungry. It takes about 20 minutes for the stomach to tell the brain it’s full, so eat slowly and stop eating before you feel full.

How can W8MD help?

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & MedSpa Intro Video

W8MD’s weight loss, sleep, aesthetic & IV nutrition programs

W8MD’s insurance physician weight loss program is unique in many ways with a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach to weight loss that addresses all the complex issues leading to weight gain, both in adults and children. Since its inception in 2011, W8MD has successfully helped thousands of patients succeed in not only losing weight but also keep it off with an ongoing maintenance plan.

What are the risks of being overweight or obese?

Obesity or being overweight is associated with over 50 different medical conditions.
Being overweight or obese isn’t a cosmetic problem.

What are the risks of being overweight or obese?

Health risk of being obese

Health risk of obesity

If you are overweight or obese you are at risk of developing the following diseases:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Arthritis
  • Sleep apnea and breathing problems
  • Some cancers
  •    ● Endometrial 
  •    ● Breast
  •    ● Prostate 
  •    ● Colon

Let us look at the individual obesity related risk factors 

Health risks of obesity

Coronary Heart Disease
Studies have shown that obesity increases the risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Obesity also can lead to heart failure. This is a serious condition in which your heart can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs.

High Blood Pressure 

Your chances of having high blood pressure are greater if you’re overweight or obese.

Stroke
Being overweight or obese can lead to atherosclerosis (buildup of plaque in your arteries) Atherosclerosis leads to narrow arteries, especially the carotids or other arteries supplying blood to the brain. Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture, causing a blood clot to form. The risk of having a stroke rises as BMI increases.

Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s blood glucose, or blood sugar, level is too high. Normally, the body breaks down food into glucose and then carries it to cells throughout the body. The cells use a hormone called insulin to turn the glucose into energy.

Weight loss success stories

Weight loss success stories

In type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells don’t use insulin properly as the cells become “resistant” to the actions of insulin. At first, the body reacts by making more insulin. Over time, however, the body can’t make enough insulin to control its blood sugar level leading to pre-diabetes, or diabetes. Even when the body is able to keep the blood sugars under control, there are many negative side effects of high insulin levels due to insulin resistance.

What is causing the weight gain, especially around the belly and upper part of the body?

Insulin resistance can caused weight gain around the tummy and upper body. Insulin resistance can also cause metabolic starvation. Diabetes is a leading cause of early death, CHD, stroke, kidney disease, and blindness. Most people who have type 2 diabetes are overweight.

CHECK IF YOU ARE INSULIN RESISTANT WITH THE INSULIN RESISTANCE CALCULATOR!

Abnormal lipids or cholesterol problems
If you’re overweight or obese, you’re at increased risk of having abnormal levels of blood fats. These include high levels of triglycerides and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol and low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol.

Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke.

You can develop any one of these risk factors by itself, but they tend to occur together.

What is metabolic syndrome?

You will be considered to have metabolic syndrome if you have at least three of the following risk factors:

  1. A large waistline. This is called abdominal obesity or “having an apple shape.” Having extra fat in the waist area is a greater risk factor for CHD than having extra fat in other parts of the body, such as on the hips.
  2. A higher than normal triglyceride level (or you’re on medicine to treat high triglycerides).
  3. A lower than normal HDL cholesterol level (or you’re on medicine to treat low HDL cholesterol).
  4. Higher than normal blood pressure (or you’re on medicine to treat high blood pressure).
  5. Higher than normal fasting blood sugar (or you’re on medicine to treat diabetes).

More health risks of being overweight or obese

Cancer
Being overweight or obese raises your risk for many gastroinstestinal and genitourinary cancers including colon, breast, endometrial, and gallbladder cancers.

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem of the knees, hips, and lower back that is made significantly worse due to obesity. Extra weight can put more pressure and wear on joints, causing pain.

Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep. A person who has sleep apnea may have more fat stored around the neck. This can narrow the airway, making it hard to breathe.

Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a breathing disorder where poor breathing due to obesity results in too much carbon dioxide (hypoventilation) and too little oxygen in the blood (hypoxemia).

OHS can lead to serious health problems and may even cause death.

Reproductive Problems
Obesity can cause menstrual issues and infertility in women as insulin resistance in women can lead to poly cystic ovarian syndrome.

Gallstones

3 things wrong with our diet

3 things wrong with our diet

People who are overweight or obese are at increased risk of having gallstones. Also, being overweight may result in an enlarged gallbladder that doesn’t work well.

Besides being overweight or obese, here are other risk factors to consider —

■ Cigarette smoking
■ High blood pressure (hypertension)
■ High LDL-cholesterol (“bad” cholesterol)
■ Low HDL-cholesterol (“good” cholesterol)
■ High triglycerides
■ High blood glucose (sugar)
■ Family history of premature heart disease
■ Physical inactivity

Affordable Care Act and Obesity

Did you know that the new Affordable Care Act Passed in September, 2010 mandates all insurances, including Medicare, to provide full insurance coverage for obesity screening and treatment for all adults without copays or deductibles?

W8MD is one of the first obesity medicine program to work with all major insurances for this essential service and is available at WeightMD’s Pennsylvania, and New York City weight loss centers.

How Can W8MD Medical Weight Loss Centers Help?

With a fellowship training in Obesity Medicine, and extensive experience in dealing with the metabolic and nutritional aspects of health and weight gain, W8MD weight loss physicians are uniquely qualified in providing proper guidance on nutrition and wellness. As we are one of the very programs to accept health insurance for the physician visits, you have nothing to lose! Trim Down Your Waist, Not Your Wallet! Think WeightMD (W8MD) for Weight loss!cropped-fbcoverw8md-269.jpg

 

Weight loss success stories

Weight loss doctor appointments

W8MD’s weight loss centers accepting health insurances
 
Poly-Tech Sleep & insurance Weight Loss Center Philadelphia
1718, Welsh Rd, Philadelphia, PA, 19115

215-676-2334 

Our farthest patient for weight loss comes from Nassau, Bahamas! Testimonials!

Philadelphia weight loss doctor

King of Prussia Weight Loss

Poly-Tech Sleep & W8MD’s King Of Prussia Weight Loss Center

987 Old Eagle School Rd, Ste 712, Wayne, PA, 19087 (King of Prussia)

215-676-2334 

Our farthest patient for help losing weight comes from Delaware! Testimonials


New York City Weight Loss

W8MD’s NYC medical weight loss & Sleep Clinic at Sleep Medical Associates, PLLC

Brooklyn weight loss:2632 E 21st Street Brooklyn NY 11235

Manhattan weight loss:401 E 21st Street New York New York 10022

Lear more about losing weight fast in NYC | Our weight loss doctor NYC

718-946-5500

Our farthest weight loss patient comes from Dallas, Texas! Testimonials

weight loss doctor new york city


New Jersey Weight Loss

W8MD medical weight loss program at Vida Sleep Center of Dr. Felix Roque’s office at 543, 45th Street, Union City, New Jersey, 07087

(201)766-6469. 

This weight loss center in New Jersey bills out of network for insurance.