Glossary of diets

Diets“Keto” or ketogenic diet (but for the purpose of weight loss instead of epilepsy seizures reduction)

  • 5:2 diet: 5:1 is a type of fasting diet advanced by Michael Mosley in 2012.
  • Veggie lover diet is one which avoids meat and meat based products
  • LCD diet: LCD diet is a low calorie diet is expending less than 1000-1400 calories for every day.
  • VLCD diet is a diet very low in calories to only about 800 calories per day and needs supervision by a licensed medical provider and usually involves meal replacements such as protein shakes, bars, soups, snacks with or without self prepared meals.
  • A fad diet is a diet that is popular for a time, similar to fads in fashion, without being a standard dietary recommendation
  • A vegetarian diet is one which excludes meat and meat based products
  • Activated charcoal diet
  • Alkaline diet: The avoidance of relatively acidic foods – foods with low pH levels – such as alcohol, caffeine, dairy, fungi, grains, meat, and sugar. Proponents believe such a diet may have health benefits; critics consider the arguments to have no scientific basis.
  • Atkins diet: A low-carbohydrate diet, popularized by nutritionist Robert Atkins in the late-20th and early-21st centuries. The Atkins diet consists of four phases (Induction, Balancing, Fine-Tuning and Maintenance) with a gradual increase in consumption of carbohydrates as the person goes through the phases.
  • Baby Food Diet

Belief-based diets

  • Beverly Hills Diet: An extreme diet which has only fruits in the first days, gradually increasing the selection of foods up to the sixth week.
  • Blood type diet: A diet based on a belief that people’s diets should reflect their blood types
  • Body for Life: A calorie-control diet, promoted as part of the 12-week Body for Life program
  • Buddhist diet: While Buddhism does not have specific dietary rules, some buddhists practice vegetarianism based on a strict interpretation of the first of the Five Precepts.
  • Bulletproof diet
  • Cabbage soup diet: A low-calorie diet based on heavy consumption of cabbage soup. Considered a fad diet.

Calorie and weight control diets

    • Cambridge Diet
    • Clean eating
    • Clean eating
    • Cookie diet
    • Cotton ball diet

Crash diets

  • Crash diets are very-low-calorie diets used for the purpose of very fast weight loss.
  • DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension): A recommendation that those with high blood pressure consume large quantities of fruits, vegetables, whole-grains and low fat dairy foods as part of their diet, and avoid sugar sweetened foods, red meat and fats. Promoted by the US Department of Health and Human Services, a United States government organisation.
  • Detox diets – Detox diets involve either not consuming or attempting to flush out substances that are considered unhelpful or harmful.
  • Diabetic diet: An umbrella term for diets recommended to people with diabetes.
  • Drinking Man’s Diet
  • Dubrow Diet
  • Dukan Diet
  • Dukan Diet: A multi-step diet based on high protein and limited carbohydrate consumption.
  • Eat-clean diet: Focuses on eating foods without preservatives, and on mixing lean proteins with complex carbohydrates.
  • Egg and wine diet
  • Elimination diet: A method of identifying foods which cause a person adverse effects, by process of elimination.
  • F-plan
  • Fasting
  • Fat Flush Plan
  • Fit for Life diet: Recommendations include not combining protein and carbohydrates, not drinking water at meal time, and avoiding dairy foods.
  • Food combining diet: A nutritional approach where certain food types are deliberately consumed together or separately – proteins and carbohydrates should not be consumed in the same meal.

Keto meats

Food-specific diets

  • Fruitarian diet: A diet which predominantly consists of raw fruit.
  • Fruitarianism
  • Gerson therapy: A form of alternative medicine, the diet is low salt, low fat and vegetarian, and also involves taking specific supplements developed by Max Gerson
  • Gluten free diet, while essential for people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, has also become a fad.
  • Gluten-free diet: A diet which avoids the protein gluten, which is found in barley, rye and wheat. It is a medical treatment for gluten-related disorders, which include
  • Grapefruit diet
  • Grapefruit diet: A fad diet, intended to facilitate weight loss, in which grapefruit is consumed in large quantities at meal times.
  • Hamptons Diet
  • Hay diet: A food-combining diet developed by William Howard Hay in the 1920s. Divides foods into separate groups, and suggests that proteins and carbohydrates should not be consumed in the same meal.
  • Healthy kidney diet: This diet is for those impacted with chronic kidney disease, those with only one kidney who have a kidney infection and those who may be suffering from some other kidney failure.
  • High residue diet: A diet in which high quantities of dietary fiber are consumed. High-fiber foods include certain fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains.
  • High-carbohydrate / low-fat diets
  • High-protein diet: A diet in which high quantities of protein are consumed with the intention of building muscle. Not to be confused with low-carb diets, where the intention is to lose weight by restricting carbohydrates.
  • Hindu and Jain diets: Followers of Hinduism and Jainism may follow lacto vegetarian diets (though most do not, as some Hindu festivals require meat to be eaten), based on the principle of ahimsa (non-harming).
  • Immune Power Diet
  • Inedia (breatharian diet): A diet in which no food is consumed, based on the belief that food is not necessary for human subsistence.Cheese

Intermittent fasting

  • Intermittent fasting: Cycling between non-fasting and fasting as a method of calorie restriction.
  • Inuit diet: Inuit people traditionally consume food that is fished, hunted or gathered locally; predominantly meat and fish.
  • Islamic dietary laws: Muslims follow a diet consisting solely of food that is halal – permissible in Islam.
  • Jenny Craig: A weight-loss program from Jenny Craig, Inc. It includes weight counselling among other elements. The dietary aspect involves the consumption of pre-packaged food produced by the company.
  • Juice fasting
  • Juice fasting: A form of detox diet, in which nutrition is obtained solely from fruit and vegetable juices. The health implications of such diets are disputed.
  • KE diet
  • KE diet: A diet in which an individual feeds through a feeding tube and does not eat anything.
  • Kangatarian: A diet originating from Australia. In addition to foods permissible in a vegetarian diet, kangaroo meat is also consumed.
  • Ketogenic diet: A high-fat, low-carb diet, in which dietary and body fat is converted into energy. It is used as a medical treatment for refractory epilepsy.
  • Kimkins: A heavily promoted diet for weight loss, found to be fraudulent.
  • Kosher diet: Food permissible under Kashrut, the set of Jewish dietary laws, is said to be Kosher. Some foods and food combinations are non-Kosher, and failure to prepare food in accordance with Kashrut can make otherwise permissible foods non-Kosher.
  • Lacto vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that includes certain types of dairy, but excludes eggs and foods which contain animal rennet. A common diet among followers of several religions, including Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism, based on the principle of Ahimsa (non-harming).
  • Lamb chop and pineapple diet
  • Lemon detox diet
  • Liquid diet: A diet in which only liquids are consumed. May be administered by clinicians for medical reasons, such as after a gastric bypass8 or to prevent death through starvation from a hunger strike.Liquid diet

Liquid diets

  • Locavore diet: a neologism describing the eating of food that is locally produced, and not moved long distances to market.
  • Low carbon diet: Consuming food which has been produced, prepared and transported with a minimum of associated greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Low glycemic index diet
  • Low sodium diet
  • Low-FODMAP diet: A diet that consists in the global restriction of all fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs).
  • Low-calorie diets
  • Low-carbohydrate / high-fat diets
  • Low-carbohydrate diet
  • Low-carbohydrate diets
  • Low-fat diet
  • Low-fat diets
  • Low-protein diet
  • Low-sulfur diet

Diet foods

Combination diets

  • MIND diet: combines the portions of the DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet. The diet is intended to reduce neurological deterioration such as Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Macrobiotic diet: A diet in which processed food is avoided. Common components include grains, beans and vegetables.
  • Macrobiotics
  • Master Cleanse: A form of juice fasting.
  • McDougall diet: McDougall’s starch diet is a high calorie, high fiber, low fat diet that is based on starches such as potatoes, rice, and beans which excludes all animal foods and added vegetable oils. John A. McDougall draws on historical observation of how many civilizations around the world throughout time have thrived on starch foods.
  • Mediterranean diet: A diet based on habits of some southern European countries. One of the more distinct features is that olive oil is used as the primary source of fat.
  • Monotrophic diet: A diet that involves eating only one food item, or one type of food, for a period of time to achieve a desired weight reduction.
  • Montignac diet: A weight-loss diet characterised by consuming carbohydrates with a low glycemic index.
  • Morning banana diet
  • Mucusless Diet
  • Negative calorie diet: A claim by many weight-loss diets that some foods take more calories to digest than they provide, such as celery. The basis for this claim is disputed.
  • Okinawa diet: A low-calorie diet based on the traditional eating habits of people from the Ryukyu Islands.
  • Omnivore: An omnivore consumes both plant and animal-based food.
  • Organic food diet: A diet consisting only of food which is organic – it has not been produced with modern inputs such as synthetic fertilizers, genetic modification, irradiation, or synthetic food additives.
  • Ornish diet
  • Orthopathy

Weight loss shakes

Other diets


  • Other high-fat variants.
  • Ovo vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that includes eggs, but excludes dairy.
  • Ovo-lacto vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that includes eggs and dairy.
  • Paleolithic diet: Can refer either to the eating habits of humans during the Paleolithic era, or of modern dietary plans purporting to be based on these habits.
  • People’s dietary choices are sometimes affected by intolerance or allergy to certain types of food. There are also dietary patterns that might be recommended, prescribed or administered by medical professionals for people with specific medical needs.
  • Pescetarian diet: A diet which includes fish but not other meats.
  • Pioppi Diet
  • Plant-based diet: A broad term to describe diets in which animal products do not form a large proportion of the diet. Under some definitions a plant-based diet is fully vegetarian; under others it is possible to follow a plant-based diet whilst occasionally consuming meat.
  • Pollo-pescetarian: Someone who eats both poultry and fish/seafood, though no meat from mammals.
  • Pollotarian: Someone who eats chicken or other poultry, but not meat from mammals, often for environmental, health or food justice reasons.
  • Prison loaf: A meal replacement served in some United States prisons to inmates who are not trusted to use cutlery. Its composition varies between institutions and states, but as a replacement for standard food, it is intended to provide inmates with all their dietary needs.
  • Pritikin Diet: A diet which focusses on the consumption of unprocessed food.

Protein Power

  • Protein-sparing modified fast
  • Raw foodism: A diet which centres on the consumption of uncooked and unprocessed food. Often associated with a vegetarian diet, although some raw food dieters do consume raw meat.
  • Rhubarb diet
  • Rice diet
  • Salisbury diet
  • Scarsdale medical diet
  • Semi-vegetarian diets
  • Semi-vegetarianism: A predominantly vegetarian diet, in which meat is occasionally consumed.
  • Seventh-day Adventist: Seventh-day Adventists combine the Kosher rules of Judaism with prohibitions against alcohol and caffeinated beverages and an emphasis on whole foods. About half of Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians.
  • Shangri-La Diet
  • Slim-Fast
  • Slimming World diet
  • Slow-carb diet
  • Smart For Life
  • Soft diet
  • Some common macrobiotic ingredients
  • Some people’s dietary choices are influenced by their religious, spiritual or philosophical beliefs.
  • Sonoma diet: A diet based on portion control and centered around consuming “power foods”
  • South Beach Diet
  • South Beach Diet: Diet developed by the Miami-based cardiologist Arthur Agatston, M.D., who says that the key to losing weight quickly and getting healthy isn’t cutting all carbohydrates and fats from your diet, but choosing the right carbs and the right fats.
  • Spark People diet


Specific carbohydrate diet: A diet that aims to restrict the intake of complex carbohydrates such as found in grains and complex sugars. It is promoted as a way of reducing the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, coeliac disease, and autism.Fad diets

  • Stillman diet
  • Stillman diet: A carbohydrate-restricted diet that predates the Atkins diet, allowing consumption of specific food ingredients.
  • Subway diet: A crash diet in which a person consumes Subway sandwiches in place of higher calorie fast foods. Made famous by former obese student Jared Fogle, who lost 245 pounds after replacing his meals with Subway sandwiches as part of an effort to lose weight.
  • Sugar Busters!: Focuses on restricting the consumption of refined carbohydrates, particularly sugars.
  • Sugar Busters
  • Superfood diet
  • The 4-Hour Body
  • The Good Carbohydrate Revolution
  • The Graham Diet: A vegetarian diet which promotes whole-wheat flour and discourages the consumption of stimulants such as alcohol and caffeine. Developed by Sylvester Graham in the 19th century.
  • The Hacker’s Diet: A calorie-control diet from The Hacker’s Diet by John Walker. The book suggests that the key to reaching and maintaining the desired weight is understanding and carefully monitoring calories consumed and used.
  • Nutrisystem diet: The dietary element of the weight-loss plan from Nutrisystem, Inc. Nutrisystem distributes low-calorie meals, with specific ratios of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
  • The Last Chance Diet
  • Tongue Patch Diet: Stitching a Marlex patch to the tongue to make eating painful.
  • Vegan diet: In addition to the abstentions of a vegetarian diet, vegans do not use any product produced by animals, such as eggs, dairy products, or honey.
  • Vegetarian diets
  • Very low calorie diets
  • Weight Watchers diet: Foods are assigned point values; dieters can eat any food with a point value provided they stay within their daily point limit.
  • Werewolf diet
  • Western dietary pattern: A diet consisting of food which is most commonly consumed in developed countries. Examples include meat, white bread, milk and puddings. The name is a reference to the Western world.
  • Wheatgrass diet
  • Whole diet
  • Word of Wisdom by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • Zone diet: A diet in which a person attempts to split calorie intake from carbohydrates, proteins and fats in a 40:30:30 ratio.
  • bland diet – noun a diet of foods that are not irritating
  • dieting – noun the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods)
  • dietitian – noun a specialist in the study of nutritionreasons
  • liquid diet
  • mediterranean diet
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