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Egypt, officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country located in North Africa and the Middle East. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and the Red Sea to the east. With a population of over 100 million people, it is the most populous country in North Africa and the third most populous country in Africa.


  • Egypt has a rich and ancient history that dates back over 5,000 years. It is known for its pyramids, pharaohs, and hieroglyphics, as well as its contributions to science, mathematics, and art. The ancient Egyptians were known for their impressive architecture, such as the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, as well as their advancements in medicine, engineering, and astronomy.
  • Over the centuries, Egypt has been invaded and occupied by various powers, including the Greeks, Romans, and Ottomans. In the early 20th century, Egypt became a British protectorate and gained independence in 1922.

Geography and Climate

Egypt is predominantly desert, with the Nile River running through the center of the country and providing water and fertile land for agriculture. The country has a hot desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters in most areas. The Red Sea coast has a more moderate climate and is a popular destination for tourists.


  • Egyptian culture is a rich blend of ancient traditions and modern influences. Islam is the dominant religion, with the majority of the population being Sunni Muslims. Arabic is the official language, although many Egyptians also speak English and French.
  • Egyptian cuisine is known for its flavorful spices and herbs, such as cumin, coriander, and mint. Popular dishes include koshari, a vegetarian dish made with rice, lentils, and pasta, and ful medames, a dish made with fava beans and spices.
  • Egypt is also known for its contributions to literature, art, and music. Egyptian literature dates back to ancient times and includes works such as the Book of the Dead and the Tale of Sinuhe. Egyptian art is known for its depictions of pharaohs, gods, and animals, as well as its intricate hieroglyphics. Egyptian music includes traditional instruments such as the oud and the qanun, as well as modern pop and hip-hop music.


Egypt is a popular tourist destination, known for its ancient historical sites, such as the pyramids, temples, and tombs of pharaohs. Popular tourist destinations include Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan. The Red Sea coast is also a popular destination for diving and snorkeling, with coral reefs and an abundance of marine life.

Also see

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