Energy balance refers to the relationship between the calories consumed through food and the calories burned through physical activity and other bodily functions. When there is a balance between energy intake and expenditure, weight remains stable. When there is a surplus of energy intake, weight gain can occur, and when there is a deficit of energy intake, weight loss can occur. It is important to achieve and maintain energy balance through a healthy diet and regular physical activity in order to support overall health and weight management.
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