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Diverticulitis is a condition that occurs when small pockets, called diverticula, form in the walls of the digestive tract and become inflamed or infected. It is a common condition, especially among older adults, and can cause a variety of symptoms, including abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. While there is no cure for diverticulitis, there are treatment options available to manage symptoms and prevent complications.


  • The exact cause of diverticulitis is not known, but it is thought to be related to a combination of factors, including:
  • Aging: Diverticulitis is more common in older adults, likely due to changes in the digestive tract that occur with age.
  • Low fiber diet: A diet low in fiber can lead to constipation and increased pressure on the walls of the digestive tract, which can contribute to the formation of diverticula.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of diverticulitis, possibly due to increased pressure on the digestive tract.
  • Genetics: There may be a genetic component to diverticulitis, as the condition tends to run in families.


  • The symptoms of diverticulitis can vary in severity and may include:
  • Abdominal pain, usually on the left side
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Bloating and gas


  • Diagnosis of diverticulitis typically involves a combination of a physical exam, medical history, and imaging tests. These may include:
  • Abdominal CT scan: This test can help identify inflamed or infected diverticula in the digestive tract.
  • Colonoscopy: This test may be done to examine the colon for signs of diverticulitis or other digestive conditions.


  • Treatment for diverticulitis depends on the severity of the condition and may include:
  • Antibiotics: If the diverticula are infected, antibiotics may be prescribed to help fight the infection.
  • Pain relief: Over the counter pain relievers or prescription medications may be used to manage pain associated with diverticulitis.
  • Dietary changes: A diet high in fiber can help prevent diverticulitis and may also be beneficial in managing symptoms.
  • Surgery: In severe cases of diverticulitis, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected part of the colon.


  • There are several steps that can be taken to help prevent diverticulitis, including:
  • Eating a high fiber diet: Consuming plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help prevent constipation and reduce pressure on the digestive tract.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise can help maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of diverticulitis.
  • Stress reduction: Stress can contribute to digestive problems, so finding ways to manage stress can help prevent diverticulitis.

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