Obesity is a growing problem in the United States, with data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicating that 39.8% of adults were obese in 2015-2016. Youth are not immune either, with 18.5% falling within the same category.
Obesity is linked to numerous health risks and is a concern for public health programs seeking to prevent and reduce the problem. Additionally, another third of adults are considered overweight, with a BMI of 25 to 29.99. This means that over 70% of American adults are either overweight or obese.
The prevalence of obesity was found to be higher among non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic women compared to men, except for non-Hispanic white adults. There was no significant difference in obesity rates among youth of different races and Hispanic origin, however.
W8MD's Ebook of Obesity and Weight Loss
W8MD's Ebook of Obesity and Weight Loss is a comprehensive guide to understanding and managing obesity and weight loss. The book covers various topics such as the definition of overweight and obesity, the role of fat in obesity, the causes of obesity, the relationship between obesity and chronic disease, body image and eating disorders, and weight loss strategies. The book also includes information on popular weight loss diets, exercise and fitness for weight loss, behavioral strategies for long-term weight loss, health benefits of weight loss, and weight loss maintenance. The book is an excellent resource for individuals looking to understand and manage their weight and lead a healthy lifestyle.
Chapter 1: Understanding Overweight and Obesity
- Definition of overweight and obesity
- BMI and its role in identifying overweight and obesity
- Health risks associated with overweight and obesity
- World Health Organization's definition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation
Chapter 2: The Role of Fat in Obesity
- Types of fat: essential and storage fat
- Essential fat and its percentage in men and women
- Location of fat and its impact on health
- Risks associated with visceral fat and factors leading to its accumulation
Chapter 3: Causes of Obesity
- Hormonal causes of weight gain including insulin resistance
- Cereal grains, humanities double edged sword
- 3 things wrong with our diet
- Energy balance and its role in weight management
- Behavioral factors contributing to obesity, including calorie-dense foods, lack of physical activity, and stress
- Environmental factors that encourage obesity, such as lack of access to healthy foods and physical activity opportunities
- Genetic and family history factors that influence weight
- Stop blaming the victim for obesity
Part 2: Understanding Weight Loss
Chapter 4: The Basics of Weight Loss
- How to lose weight: the basics
- Caloric deficit and its importance in weight loss
- Understanding calories and macronutrients
- Strategies for reducing calorie intake
- The role of exercise in weight loss
Chapter 5: Popular Weight Loss Diets
- Overview of popular diets, such as low-carb, low-fat, and plant-based diets
- Evidence-based research on the effectiveness of popular diets
- Potential risks and benefits of different diets
Chapter 6: Exercise for Weight Loss
- The role of exercise in weight loss
- Types of physical activity for weight loss, including cardio and strength training
- Developing an exercise plan that fits individual needs and preferences
- Incorporating physical activity into daily routine
Chapter 7: Behavioral Strategies for Long-Term Weight Loss
- The importance of sustainable weight loss strategies
- Addressing emotional eating and food addiction
- Coping with setbacks and maintaining motivation
- Strategies for maintaining weight loss over time
Part 3: Treatment of Obesity
Chapter 8: Proven Weight Loss Options
- Overview of weight loss surgeries and procedures
- Risks and benefits of weight loss surgeries, including gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
- Medical weight loss options
- Colonic for weight loss
- Hysterectomy for weight loss
Chapter 9: Weight Loss Supplements and Meal replacements
- Overview of weight loss supplements
- Effectiveness and risks of weight loss supplements
Chapter 10: Prescription weight loss medications
For people who struggle with obesity, medication can be a useful tool in their weight loss journey. However, not all medications are created equal. Some can be effective, while others may have dangerous side effects. In this article, we will discuss the different types of anti-obesity medications, their current FDA status, and their efficacy.
- Prescription weight loss medications, including Wegovy / Ozempic, Mounjaro, Liraglutide (brand names:Saxenda / Victoza), Contrave, Plenity, Phentermine/topiramate, Phentermine, Alli, Phentermine, and Metformin
- Weigh loss injections - Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are peptide incretin hormones involved in blood sugar control. Semaglutide, a GLP-1 analogue, administered once weekly, is more effective than exenatide. Semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy) and tirzepatide (Mounjaro) are the most promising candidates for weight management in the anti-obesity market. In 2021, one review concluded that "Currently, gut peptide analogues such as semaglutide [...] and [...] tirzepatide are the furthest advanced in clinical development." A further review in 2022 found that these two peptides are "the most promising candidates for the upcoming battle in the anti-obesity market." Semaglutide has been approved for medical use in the US and the European Union for weight management in adults, sold under the brand name Wegovy. On the other hand, tirzepatide has been approved under the name Mounjaro for type-2 diabetes and is being studied, and fast tracked for weight loss.
Part 4: Health Benefits of Weight Loss
Chapter 11: Health Benefits of Weight Loss
- The impact of weight loss on health outcomes, such as diabetes, heart disease, and sleep apnea
- Improvements in mental health and quality of life with weight loss
- Importance of maintaining a healthy weight for long-term health
Chapter 12: Motivation and Inspiration
- Weight loss motivation and inspiration
- Tips for staying motivated and on track
- Inspirational weight loss stories and transformations
Part 5: Conclusion
Chapter 13: Recap of Key Takeaways
- Importance of individualized weight loss strategies
- Encouragement for continued progress towards a healthy weight and lifestyle.
Glossary of terms
Satiety is a feeling of fullness or satisfaction after a meal that can influence food intake and overall caloric consumption. It is influenced by a variety of factors, including the type and amount of food consumed, hormones, and individual differences in appetite control. Foods that are high in protein, fiber, or water content can increase feelings of satiety and help with weight management.
Being underweight is generally defined as having a body weight that is more than 10% below the recommended level for a person's height, age, and gender. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, medical conditions, or eating disorders. Underweight individuals may be at risk for health problems such as weakened immune function, nutrient deficiencies, and decreased muscle mass.
Visceral fat, also known as belly fat, omental fat, or intra-abdominal fat, is the fat that surrounds internal organs in the abdomen. It is different from subcutaneous fat, which is located just beneath the skin. Visceral fat has been linked to various metabolic disorders, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and insulin resistance. It can be measured through imaging techniques or waist circumference.
The waist-to-hip ratio is a measure of fat distribution that compares the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. This ratio can be used to assess the risk of certain health conditions, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and stroke. A higher waist-to-hip ratio indicates that more fat is stored in the abdominal area, which is associated with an increased risk of health problems.
Yo-yo dieting, also known as weight cycling, refers to cycles of weight loss and regain that are commonly experienced by individuals who engage in frequent dieting or weight loss attempts. This pattern of weight loss and regain can be harmful to health and may increase the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Strategies such as adopting a sustainable, healthy eating pattern and regular physical activity may be more effective for long-term weight management than restrictive or fad diets.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimum amount of energy or calories that a person needs to maintain vital body functions while at rest. BMR represents the amount of energy the body uses to maintain normal physiological functions such as breathing, circulation, and maintaining body temperature. It is affected by various factors such as age, weight, height, gender, body composition, and genetics. BMR accounts for approximately 60-75% of the total daily energy expenditure in sedentary individuals. The measurement of BMR can be useful for determining the number of calories required for maintaining, gaining, or losing weight.
- Obesity: causes and effects
- Insulin resistance
- Metabolic syndrome
- Spot reduction
- Caloric deficit
- Set point theory
- Vegan weight loss
- Hallelujah Diet
- Eat to Live
- Serving size
- Diet rewards
- Slimming club
Frequently asked questions
- What Factors Causes Obesity? Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental factors, lifestyle choices, and underlying health conditions. Some of the most common causes of obesity include a diet high in calories and unhealthy fats, lack of physical activity, genetic predisposition, metabolic disorders, sleep disorders, and certain medications.
- What Are Five Problems With Obesity? Obesity is associated with a number of health problems, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. In addition to physical health problems, obesity can also have negative effects on mental health and social well-being, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and discrimination.
- Can the Government Help the Obesity Issue? The government can play a role in addressing the obesity epidemic through policies and programs that promote healthy eating habits and physical activity. This includes initiatives such as school nutrition programs, workplace wellness programs, and public health campaigns aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles.
- What Are the Three Dangers of Obesity? The three dangers of obesity are an increased risk of developing chronic diseases, reduced quality of life, and increased risk of premature death.
- What Are Ten Health Problems Associated With Obesity? Some of the health problems associated with obesity include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, arthritis, liver disease, infertility, and certain types of cancer.
- Are the Parents to Blame for Childhood Obesity? Parents can play a role in preventing childhood obesity by promoting healthy eating habits and physical activity. However, there are many factors that contribute to childhood obesity, including genetics, environmental factors, and social and economic factors, and blaming parents is often oversimplifying the issue.
- What Are the Social Effects of Obesity? Obesity can have a negative impact on social well-being, including discrimination, social isolation, and low self-esteem.
- Does Adolescent Media Use Cause Obesity and Eating Disorders? There is evidence to suggest that adolescent media use can contribute to the development of unhealthy eating habits and body dissatisfaction, which can in turn lead to obesity and eating disorders.
- How Is Obesity Affecting the World? Obesity is a global epidemic that is affecting people of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. It is a major contributor to chronic disease and premature death, and is putting a strain on healthcare systems worldwide.
- How Does Obesity Impact Quality of Life? Obesity can have a negative impact on quality of life, including reduced mobility, limited physical activity, and increased risk of chronic disease. It can also have negative effects on mental health and social well-being, including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and discrimination.
- Does Society Affect America’s Obesity Crisis? Society can contribute to the obesity crisis by promoting unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles, and by creating an environment that makes it difficult to make healthy choices. This includes factors such as food marketing, urban design, and workplace culture.
- How Does Obesity Affect You Mentally? Obesity can have negative effects on mental health, including depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.
- How Does Obesity Impact Children? Obesity can have negative effects on children's physical and mental health, including increased risk of chronic disease, reduced quality of life, and increased risk of social and emotional problems.
- How Does Obesity Affect Self-Esteem? Obesity can have a negative impact on self-esteem, as individuals may experience discrimination and social stigma based on their weight.
- How Does Obesity Cause Depression? Obesity can contribute to depression by increasing social isolation, limiting physical activity, and negatively impacting self-esteem and body image.
- How Does Obesity Impact Children? Obesity can have a significant impact on children's physical and mental health, as well as their social and emotional well-being. Children who are obese are more likely to develop a range of health problems, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and fatty liver disease. In addition to physical health issues, childhood obesity can also have psychological consequences. Children who are overweight or obese may experience bullying and social isolation, which can lead to anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems.
- How Does Obesity Affect Self-Esteem? Obesity can have a negative impact on a person's self-esteem. People who are overweight or obese may feel ashamed or embarrassed about their appearance, which can lead to low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.
- How Does Obesity Cause Depression? Obesity can lead to depression in several ways. For one, the social stigma associated with being overweight or obese can cause feelings of shame and low self-esteem, which can contribute to depression. Additionally, the physical health problems associated with obesity, such as sleep apnea and chronic pain, can also lead to depression.
- Are First Generation Mexican Children More Prone to Obesity Than Their Second Generation Counterparts? Research suggests that first-generation Mexican children are less likely to be overweight or obese than their second-generation counterparts. This may be due to differences in lifestyle and dietary habits between the two groups.
- Should Fast Food Companies Be Held Responsibility for Children’s Obesity? While fast food companies may contribute to the obesity epidemic by offering calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods, it is ultimately up to individuals and their families to make healthy food choices. However, fast food companies can play a role in promoting healthy eating habits by offering healthier menu options and limiting marketing to children.
- Does Obesity Cause Mood Swings? Obesity may contribute to mood swings, as research suggests that there is a link between obesity and depression. Additionally, the physical discomfort and other health problems associated with obesity may also contribute to mood swings.
- What Are the Causes and Effects of Childhood Obesity? Childhood obesity is caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. The effects of childhood obesity can be significant and long-lasting, including an increased risk of chronic health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
- Is Obesity a Mental or Physical Illness? Obesity is a physical illness, as it is characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat that can lead to a range of health problems. However, obesity can also have psychological consequences, such as low self-esteem and depression.
- What Comes First: Depression or Obesity? The relationship between depression and obesity is complex and bidirectional. While depression can lead to weight gain and obesity, obesity can also contribute to depression. It is important to address both mental health and physical health in the management of obesity.
- What Makes Obesity Dangerous? Obesity is dangerous because it increases the risk of a range of health problems, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Additionally, obesity can have psychological consequences, such as low self-esteem and depression.
- Which European Country Has the Highest Rate of Obesity? According to the World Health Organization, the European country with the highest rate of obesity is Turkey, with an obesity rate of 32.1%.
- What Is the Obesity Rate in Africa? The obesity rate in Africa varies widely depending on the country and region. However, according to the World Health Organization, the overall obesity rate in Africa is 6.8%.
How can W8MD's physician weight loss programs help?
W8MD’s Insurance Physician Weight Loss Program was established in 2011 and has helped numerous patients achieve weight loss and maintain it through an ongoing maintenance plan. The program offers a multidisciplinary approach to weight loss that addresses the various factors contributing to weight gain in both adults and children. The W8MD team is made up of highly qualified, dedicated, and friendly professionals who are passionate about helping patients reach their goals.
W8MD’s program is unique in its approach, combining medical and lifestyle interventions to provide a comprehensive solution to weight loss. Patients are assessed, diagnosed, and treated by licensed physicians and healthcare professionals to ensure the safest and most effective outcomes. The program is designed to help patients lose weight and improve their overall health, reducing the risk of chronic diseases and enhancing quality of life.
W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep and Medspa Centers are designed to help individuals struggling with obesity and other weight-related issues. The center provides a comprehensive approach to weight loss, incorporating both medical and lifestyle interventions. The medical weight loss program at W8MD is supervised by licensed physicians and staffed by trained healthcare professionals. The program involves a thorough evaluation of the patient's medical history and current health status, followed by the development of a personalized weight loss plan.
Accept most insurances
The weight loss plan accepts most insurances and may include prescription medications, lifestyle changes, and ongoing monitoring and support. The program also incorporates the latest advancements in weight loss science, such as bariatric surgery and meal replacement therapy. The medical weight loss program at W8MD is designed to provide safe and effective weight loss, with the goal of improving overall health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
Integrated sleep medicine program
In addition to medical weight loss services, W8MD also offers sleep medicine and medspa services. Sleep apnea is a common condition that can have a significant impact on weight and overall health. W8MD provides evaluation and treatment for sleep apnea, including the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.
The medspa services at W8MD include cosmetic treatments, such as Botox injections and dermal fillers, as well as non-invasive body contouring treatments, such as Tripolar RF body contouring. These treatments can help improve body shape and boost self-confidence, helping individuals to feel more comfortable in their own skin.
W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa Centers
W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa Centers is a network of medical centers located in New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and surrounding areas that provide comprehensive care for weight loss, sleep disorders, and aesthetic treatments.
W8MD has several locations for your convenience:
- Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia medical weight loss, sleep and medspa: 1718 Welsh Road, 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19115. Contact: (215)676-2334'
- Wayne, PA: King of Prussia medical weight loss, sleep and medspa: 175 Strafford Avenue, Ste 1, lower level, Wayne, PA 19087 Contact: (215)676-2334'
- Brooklyn, NY: NYC medical weight loss, sleep and medspa: 2632 E 21st St., Suite L2, Brooklyn, NY 11235 Contact: (718)946-5500
- Cherry Hill, NJ: (Coming soon), tele visits available. Location: 140 E Evesham Rd, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003 Contact:(215)676-2334'
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- Resources: W8MD diet | Keto diet guide | Free Ebook | 12 Ways to lose weight quickly | 8 Amazing Weeks