A bland diet is a type of diet that is frequently recommended for those with digestive difficulties such as ulcers, heartburn, nausea, or diarrhea. The purpose of a bland diet is to reduce irritation and inflammation in the digestive system, allowing it to repair and recover. A typical bland diet consists of foods that are simple to digest, low in fiber, and soft on the digestive system.
step-by-step guide to creating a bland diet
- Reduce or eliminate high-fiber foods: High-fiber foods, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, can be difficult to digest and can promote inflammation in the digestive system. Start by lowering or eliminating high-fiber items from your diet, then reintroduce them gradually when your digestive health improves.
- Concentrate on lean protein: Lean protein, such as chicken, turkey, fish, and tofu, can supply important nutrients and is easier to digest than fatty meats. Avoid high-fat foods, such as beef and pork, as they can be difficult to digest and can promote inflammation in the digestive system.
- Consume fruits and vegetables that have been cooked or pureed. Fruits and vegetables can be difficult to digest, particularly when they are fresh or have a rough texture. To make them easier to digest, boil or purée them until they are smooth.
- Dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, can be difficult to digest for some persons and might promote inflammation in the digestive tract. Limit dairy products or avoid them altogether, and opt for alternate sources of calcium, such as fortified plant-based milks.
- Include simple carbohydrates: Simple carbohydrates, such as white rice, potatoes, and bread, can provide rapid energy and can be readily digested. Avoid complex carbs, such as whole grains, as they can be difficult to digest and can promote inflammation in the digestive system.
- Spicy, greasy, and fried foods are difficult to digest and can exacerbate inflammation in the digestive tract. Avoid these foods or consume them in tiny amounts, and choose milder, blander options instead.
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